Quakeland: On the Road to America’s Next Devastating Earthquake: Revelation 6

Quakeland: On the Road to America’s Next Devastating Earthquake

Roger BilhamQuakeland: New York and the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

Given recent seismic activity — political as well as geological — it’s perhaps unsurprising that two books on earthquakes have arrived this season. One is as elegant as the score of a Beethoven symphony; the other resembles a diary of conversations overheard during a rock concert. Both are interesting, and both relate recent history to a shaky future.

Journalist Kathryn Miles’s Quakeland is a litany of bad things that happen when you provoke Earth to release its invisible but ubiquitous store of seismic-strain energy, either by removing fluids (oil, water, gas) or by adding them in copious quantities (when extracting shale gas in hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, or when injecting contaminated water or building reservoirs). To complete the picture, she describes at length the bad things that happen during unprovoked natural earthquakes. As its subtitle hints, the book takes the form of a road trip to visit seismic disasters both past and potential, and seismologists and earthquake engineers who have first-hand knowledge of them. Their colourful personalities, opinions and prejudices tell a story of scientific discovery and engineering remedy.

Miles poses some important societal questions. Aside from human intervention potentially triggering a really damaging earthquake, what is it actually like to live in neighbourhoods jolted daily by magnitude 1–3 earthquakes, or the occasional magnitude 5? Are these bumps in the night acceptable? And how can industries that perturb the highly stressed rocks beneath our feet deny obvious cause and effect? In 2015, the Oklahoma Geological Survey conceded that a quadrupling of the rate of magnitude-3 or more earthquakes in recent years, coinciding with a rise in fracking, was unlikely to represent a natural process. Miles does not take sides, but it’s difficult for the reader not to.

She visits New York City, marvelling at subway tunnels and unreinforced masonry almost certainly scheduled for destruction by the next moderate earthquake in the vicinity. She considers the perils of nuclear-waste storage in Nevada and Texas, and ponders the risks to Idaho miners of rock bursts — spontaneous fracture of the working face when the restraints of many million years of confinement are mined away. She contemplates the ups and downs of the Yellowstone Caldera — North America’s very own mid-continent supervolcano — and its magnificently uncertain future. Miles also touches on geothermal power plants in southern California’s Salton Sea and elsewhere; the vast US network of crumbling bridges, dams and oil-storage farms; and the magnitude 7–9 earthquakes that could hit California and the Cascadia coastline of Oregon and Washington state this century. Amid all this doom, a new elementary school on the coast near Westport, Washington, vulnerable to inbound tsunamis, is offered as a note of optimism. With foresight and much persuasion from its head teacher, it was engineered to become an elevated safe haven.

Miles briefly discusses earthquake prediction and the perils of getting it wrong (embarrassment in New Madrid, Missouri, where a quake was predicted but never materialized; prison in L’Aquila, Italy, where scientists failed to foresee a devastating seismic event) and the successes of early-warning systems, with which electronic alerts can be issued ahead of damaging seismic waves. Yes, it’s a lot to digest, but most of the book obeys the laws of physics, and it is a engaging read. One just can’t help wishing that Miles’s road trips had taken her somewhere that wasn’t a disaster waiting to happen.

Catastrophic damage in Anchorage, Alaska, in 1964, caused by the second-largest earthquake in the global instrumental record.

In The Great Quake, journalist Henry Fountain provides us with a forthright and timely reminder of the startling historical consequences of North America’s largest known earthquake, which more than half a century ago devastated southern Alaska. With its epicentre in Prince William Sound, the 1964 quake reached magnitude 9.2, the second largest in the global instrumental record. It released more energy than either the 2004 Sumatra–Andaman earthquake or the 2011 Tohoku earthquake off Japan; and it generated almost as many pages of scientific commentary and description as aftershocks. Yet it has been forgotten by many.

The quake was scientifically important because it occurred at a time when plate tectonics was in transition from hypothesis to theory. Fountain expertly traces the theory’s historical development, and how the Alaska earthquake was pivotal in nailing down one of the most important predictions. The earthquake caused a fjordland region larger than England to subside, and a similarly huge region of islands offshore to rise by many metres; but its scientific implications were not obvious at the time. Eminent seismologists thought that a vertical fault had slipped, drowning forests and coastlines to its north and raising beaches and islands to its south. But this kind of fault should have reached the surface, and extended deep into Earth’s mantle. There was no geological evidence of a monster surface fault separating these two regions, nor any evidence for excessively deep aftershocks. The landslides and liquefied soils that collapsed houses, and the tsunami that severely damaged ports and infrastructure, offered no clues to the cause.

“Previous earthquakes provide clear guidance about present-day vulnerability.” The hero of The Great Quake is the geologist George Plafker, who painstakingly mapped the height reached by barnacles lifted out of the intertidal zone along shorelines raised by the earthquake, and documented the depths of drowned forests. He deduced that the region of subsidence was the surface manifestation of previously compressed rocks springing apart, driving parts of Alaska up and southwards over the Pacific Plate. His finding confirmed a prediction of plate tectonics, that the leading edge of the Pacific Plate plunged beneath the southern edge of Alaska along a gently dipping thrust fault. That observation, once fully appreciated, was applauded by the geophysics community.

Fountain tells this story through the testimony of survivors, engineers and scientists, interweaving it with the fascinating history of Alaska, from early discovery by Europeans to purchase from Russia by the United States in 1867, and its recent development. Were the quake to occur now, it is not difficult to envisage that with increased infrastructure and larger populations, the death toll and price tag would be two orders of magnitude larger than the 139 fatalities and US$300-million economic cost recorded in 1964.

What is clear from these two books is that seismicity on the North American continent is guaranteed to deliver surprises, along with unprecedented economic and human losses. Previous earthquakes provide clear guidance about the present-day vulnerability of US infrastructure and populations. Engineers and seismologists know how to mitigate the effects of future earthquakes (and, in mid-continent, would advise against the reckless injection of waste fluids known to trigger earthquakes). It is merely a matter of persuading city planners and politicians that if they are tempted to ignore the certainty of the continent’s seismic past, they should err on the side of caution when considering its seismic future.

US Puts Pressure on the Russian Nuclear Horn: Daniel 7

A military aide walking with the case holding the US nuclear codes. The case is black. The aide is walking right to left in the White House grounds and wearing a white uniform.
A military aide carrying a briefcase containing launch codes for US nuclear weapons [File: Joshua Roberts/Reuters]

US releases nuclear warhead data in bid to pressure Russia

Disclosure under New START Treaty follows Russia’s decision to suspend its participation in the nuclear agreement.

Published On 16 May 202316 May 2023

The United States has announced it has 1,419 deployed nuclear warheads in its arsenal, as it urged Russia to release its data.

The US Department of State said it was releasing the information publicly as part of its commitments under the New START Treaty, appearing to reverse an earlier decision not to share the data.

“The United States continues to view transparency among nuclear weapon states as extremely valuable for reducing the likelihood of misperception, miscalculation, and costly arms competitions,” a spokesperson said in a statement on Tuesday.

The new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty came into force in 2011 and was extended for a further five years in 2021.

It caps the number of strategic nuclear warheads that the US and Russia can deploy, as well as the deployment of land and submarine-based missiles and the bombers to deliver them.

But in February this year, amid a sharp deterioration in relations since Moscow’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin said he was suspending Russia’s participation in the agreement.

The US said that Moscow had not made any disclosures in March and was “not implementing other key provisions of the treaty”  but did not elaborate.

“The United States calls on the Russian Federation to comply with its legally-binding obligations by returning to full implementation of the New START Treaty and all the stabilizing transparency and verification measures contained within it,” the State Department spokesperson added.

The latest figures show that as well as the deployed nuclear warheads, the US had 662 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) and heavy bombers.

In total, it said as of March 1 it had 800 delivery systems both deployed and non-deployed, the maximum allowed.

Under New START, the two countries agreed to limit the deployment of nuclear warheads to 1,550 and long-range missiles and bombers to 700.

Inspections were also part of the agreement but were suspended during the COVID-19 pandemic. Discussions on resuming inspections were supposed to have taken place in November 2022, but Russia abruptly called them off, citing US support for Ukraine.

The US and Russia account for about 90 percent of the world’s nuclear warheads.

Russia has the largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in the world, with close to 6,000 warheads, according to experts.

Russian forces prepare Zaporizhzhia for the nuclear meltdown

Russian forces attacked Zaporizhzhia region 90 times on Monday

Russian forces attacked Zaporizhzhia region 90 times on Monday


The Russian invaders launched 90 attacks on 14 towns and villages in Zaporizhzhia region, damaging 24 civilian objects.

Yuriy Malashko, the head of the Zaporizhzhia Regional Military Administration, wrote this on Telegram, Ukrinform reports.

“The enemy terrorized peaceful settlements along the demarcation line. In the past 24 hours, the enemy launched 90 attacks across 14 towns and villages: 76 artillery strikes on Zaliznychne, Huliaipilske, Olhivske, Malynivka, Shcherbaky, 12 MLRS attacks on Huliaipole, Novodanylivka, Bilohirya, Stepove, Kamianske and 2 airstrikes on Malia Tokmachka,” he wrote.

People were not injured, but 24 civilian objects were damaged.

 It is noted that the invaders once again targeted Novoyakovlivka. The Russians shelled peaceful homes in Stepnohirsk with Grad MLRS. The enemy also struck multi-story buildings, private houses and farm buildings in Orikhiv. In addition, the cemetery was damaged.

As Ukrinform reported, Ukraine’s air defense forces downed four cruise missiles fired by the invaders from the Black Sea over Mykolaiv region on the night of May 16.

The Biden-Obama Administration’s Green Light to Iran’s Terrorists and Nuclear Program

Under the Biden Administration, Iran’s oil exports have expanded to more than 1.5 million bpd — approximately 80% of the oil they used to export before the sanctions. Pictured: An oil facility on Iran’s Khark Island. (Photo by STR/AFP via Getty Images)

The Biden Administration’s Green Light to Iran’s Terrorists and Nuclear Program

by Majid Rafizadeh

  • “It is unacceptable that a U.S. government program, which makes the United States and its allies safer, provides funds to remediate the victims of terrorism, and generates income for the United States in a cost-effective manner has been allowed to languish. United States sanctions should be enforced to the fullest extent of the law. As Iranian oil sales continue to rise, and the IRGC continues to target U.S. citizens and servicemembers, including inside the U.S., it is imperative that we use all available government assets to limit the activities of the Iranian regime.” — Senator Joe Manchin and 11 other Senators, in a letter to President Joe Biden, April 27, 2023.
  • Under the Biden Administration, however, which suspended new oil and gas leases on US public lands and waters, Iran is now producing more oil and selling it at levels close to the pre-sanctions era to countries such as China…
  • Iran reportedly is exporting more than 1.5 million bpd — approximately 80% of the oil they used to export before the sanctions.
  • Iran is also shipping considerable amounts of oil to Venezuela without either country fearing repercussions from the Biden Administration.
  • The Biden Administration’s appeasement policies towards Iran is contributing to the regime’s increased revenue, the major beneficiaries of which are the IRGC, terrorist and militia groups — and of course the Iranian regime’s nuclear weapons program.

Under the Biden Administration, sanctions against the ruling mullahs of Iran have simply become superficial and cosmetic. The Administration appears to be turning a blind eye when Iran’s violates the sanctions, thereby allowing the regime vastly to increase its revenues. Most of these usually assist the regime’s powerful militia and terror group, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), designated as a terrorist organization by the US Department of State.

Recently, US Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV), a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, led a bipartisan group of 12 Senators in urging the Biden Administration to completely enable the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) office to seize Iranian oil and gas shipments.

According to a press release on Manchin’s Senate website:

Despite several additional sanctions issued against Iranian petrochemical and petroleum sales over the past year, the volume of Iranian oil exports from Iran from 2021 to 2022 increased by 35%, approximately 430 million barrels of oil, evading sanctions. When HSI seizes and processes Iranian oil, 75% of seizure revenues are allocated to the U.S. Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Fund.

“It is unacceptable that a U.S. government program, which makes the United States and its allies safer, provides funds to remediate the victims of terrorism, and generates income for the United States in a cost-effective manner has been allowed to languish,” the Senators continued. “United States sanctions should be enforced to the fullest extent of the law. As Iranian oil sales continue to rise, and the IRGC continues to target U.S. citizens and servicemembers, including inside the U.S., it is imperative that we use all available government assets to limit the activities of the Iranian regime.”

As the Senators’ letter added:

“Specifically, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) – Quds Force, an arm of the Iranian regime and a designated Foreign Terrorist Organization, continues to sponsor attacks on U.S. citizens and servicemembers, as well as our partners and allies. Enforcement of sanctions against Iranian petrochemical and petroleum sales will defund terrorists’ intent on harming the United States and our partners.”

The regime’s major revenues come from selling oil. The Iranian regime reportedly possesses the second-largest natural gas reserves and the fourth-largest proven crude oil reserves in the world, and the sale of oil accounts for nearly 60% of the government’s total revenues and more than 80% of its export revenues. Iranian leaders have spoken of Iran’s major dependence on oil exports. “Although we have some other incomes, the only revenue that can keep the country going is the oil money,” then President Hassan Rouhani said in 2019.

During the Trump administration, Iran’s oil exports were significantly reduced to 100,000 to 200,000 barrels a day. Iran is currently exporting more than 1 million barrels a day. “Oil sales have doubled,” Iran’s hardline President Ebrahim Raisi previously boasted. “We are not worried about oil sales.”

Under the Biden Administration, however, which suspended new oil and gas leases on public lands and waters, Iran is now producing more oil and selling it at levels close to the pre-sanctions era to countries such as China, which desperately needs more oil. China has been steadily ramping up its oil imports from Iran, to currently nearly 1 million bpd, while global oil prices have increased. Iran reportedly is exporting more than 1.5 million bpd — approximately 80% of the oil they used to export before the sanctions.

Iran is also shipping considerable amounts of oil to Venezuela without either country fearing repercussions from the Biden Administration. According to a June 13, 2022 report by Reuters:

“An Iran-flagged tanker carrying about 1 million barrels of crude from the Middle Eastern country arrived in Venezuelan waters over the weekend, according to a shipping document seen by Reuters on Monday.

“The cargo is the third of Iranian crude supplied by Iran’s Naftiran Intertrade Co (NICO) to Venezuela’s state-run oil firm PDVSA following a supply contract providing the South American nation with lighter crude. Venezuela has been processing the Iranian oil in its refineries.

“Other two Iran-flagged tankers, the very large crude carriers (VLCCs) Dino I and Silvia I, had arrived last month at Venezuelan ports carrying the first cargoes of Iranian crude for Venezuela.”

The Biden Administration’s appeasement policies towards Iran is contributing to the regime’s increased revenue, the major beneficiaries of which are the IRGC, terrorist and militia groups — and of course the Iranian regime’s nuclear weapons program.

Dr. Majid Rafizadeh is a business strategist and advisor, Harvard-educated scholar, political scientist, board member of Harvard International Review, and president of the International American Council on the Middle East. He has authored several books on Islam and US Foreign Policy. He can be reached at Dr.Rafizadeh@Post.Harvard.Edu

  • Follow Majid Rafizadeh on Twitter

Russian Horn Creating Unstoppable Submarine Nuclear Missiles: Daniel 7

Nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine Project 955A Borei-A
Sailors of the Russian Navy stand on the nuclear-powered submarine Knyaz Vladimirt in 2021. Russia’s Defense Ministry said work is underway to develop a new submarine-launched ICBM.ALEXEY NIKOLSKY/SPUTNIK/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Russia Creating Unstoppable Submarine Nuclear Missiles —Report


Russia is working on a new underwater intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that will eventually replace the Bulava, according to a media report.

Daily Russian newspaper Izvestia cited unnamed Defense Ministry sources as saying work is underway to begin the development of an intercontinental-range, submarine-launched ballistic missile.

The Russian Navy commands one of the most diverse submarine fleets in the world. Some are capable of carrying ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads, which Moscow considers key to its strategic deterrent. The nation has been working to improve its submarine fleet since the Kursk sank in 2000.

In July 2017, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a new policy on naval operations until 2030, which highlights the Russian Navy’s improved capabilities and its evolving strategic and operational role.

The policy notes that Russia’s navy has “a high level of readiness for actions, including strikes on critically important enemy targets.”

“With the development of high-precision weapons, the navy faces a qualitatively new objective: destruction of enemy’s military and economic potential by striking its vital facilities from the sea.”

The new underwater ICBM, which is reportedly in extremely early stages of development, will eventually replace the RSM-56 Bulava, according to Izvestia.

It cited Russia’s Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov, as saying previously that new missiles would have to be capable of overcoming all advanced missile defense systems “of any enemy,” while providing high accuracy and an increased flight range from remote areas.

When completed, it should become the main armament of the future generation of strategic submarines, Russian Defense Ministry sources told the news outlet.

Sources told Izvestia that developers will begin working on the appearance and design of the new missile after documents are approved and coordinated with customers and contractors.

According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington-based think tank, the submarine-launched Bulava, which is designed to carry a nuclear warhead, is currently a core component of Russia’s future strategic nuclear force.

The Bulava was designed to be deployed on Russia’s nuclear-powered Borey-class submarines, which can hold between 12 and 16 missiles.

Russia’s Defense Ministry said in November 2022 that it fired a Bulava in the northern White Sea with a dummy payload as part of a test of a Borey-class submarine.

By 2030, the country “must possess powerful balanced fleets in all strategic areas,” including ships intended to carry out missions in near and far sea zones and ocean areas, as well as naval aviation and coastal forces equipped with effective high-precision strike weapons, and advanced basing and supply systems, the 2017 policy states.

Israeli tanks shell Hamas posts outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Israeli tanks shell Hamas posts in Gaza in response to rocket launch
Credit: © Reuters.

Israeli tanks shell Hamas posts in Gaza in response to rocket launch

  • IANS
  • World News
  • 2023-05-14 22:46

Jerusalem, May 15 (IANS) Israeli tanks fired shells into two Hamas posts in the Gaza Strip in response to a rocket fired at Israel amid a fragile truce after days of deadly fighting between Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) group.

Israeli tanks “struck two military posts belonging to the Hamas organisation in the northern Gaza Strip,” an Israeli military spokesperson said in a statement, adding that the fire was “a response” to a rocket launched earlier on Sunday evening from the Gaza Strip.

The rocket exploded in an open field in southern Israel, triggering sirens in communities in the vicinity of the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage have been reported, Xinhua news agency reported.

No group claimed responsibility for the rocket but a source in the Joint Operations Room of the armed Palestinian factions in Gaza told Xinhua the rocket was fired due to a “technical error” and confirmed their commitment to the cease-fire.

The five-day confrontation started after an Israeli airstrike on Tuesday killed three senior PIJ leaders in the Gaza Strip.

During the fighting, Israel launched hundreds of airstrikes, killing at least 33 Palestinians and injuring more than 150 others, according to the Gaza-based Health Ministry.

Meanwhile, the Israeli military said that 1,469 rockets were launched toward Israel from Gaza, among which 1,139 hit Israeli territory.

According to Israel’s Magen David Adom emergency medical service, two people were killed in Israel during the five-day conflict.

Zaporizhzhia prepares for nuclear meltdown: Revelation 8

File photo of a Russian serviceman guarding the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant

Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant facing ‘catastrophic’ staff shortage amid Russian evacuation

Russia plans to relocate thousands of staff from nuclear plant, atomic energy company claims, warning of ‘catastrophic lack of qualified personnel’

Associated PressWed 10 May 2023 20.00 EDT

Russia plans to relocate about 2,700 Ukrainian staff from Europe’s largest nuclear plant, Ukraine’s atomic energy company has claimed, warning of a potential “catastrophic lack of qualified personnel” at the Zaporizhzhia facility in Russian-occupied southern Ukraine.

Workers who signed employment contracts with Russia’s nuclear agency Rosatom following Moscow’s capture of the Zaporizhzhia plant early in the war are set to be taken to Russia along with their families, Energoatom said in a Telegram post on Wednesday.

The company did not specify whether the employees would be forcibly moved out of the plant, nor was it immediately possible to verify Energoatom’s claims about Moscow’s plan.

Removing staff would “exacerbate the already extremely urgent issue” of staff shortages, Energoatom said.

The Moscow-installed governor of the region ordered civilian evacuations from the area last Saturday, including from the nearby city of Enerhodar where most plant workers live. The full scope of the evacuation order was not clear.

Russian forces seized the Zaporizhzhia plant days after Russian president, Vladimir Putin, ordered the invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Russian occupiers left the Ukrainian staff in place to keep the plant running but the exact number of workers currently at the plant is not known.

Fighting near the plant has fuelled fears of a potential catastrophic incident like the one at Chornobyl, in northern Ukraine, where a reactor exploded in 1986 and contaminated a vast area in the world’s worst nuclear accident.

Zaporizhzhia is one of the 10 biggest nuclear plants in the world. While its six reactors have been shut down for months, it still needs power and qualified staff to operate crucial cooling systems and other safety features.

Soon after Russian troops overran the plant, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) warned that low staffing levels “seriously compromised” one of the fundamental factors in nuclear safety and security, which is that “operating staff must be able to fulfil their safety and security duties and have the capacity to make decisions free of undue pressure.”

The IAEA has deployed a handful of staff at Zaporizhzhia in an effort to ensure its safety.

Kremlin-installed authorities in the Zaporizhzhia region are accelerating their push to relocate local residents, including families of workers at the plant, due to an expected Ukrainian counteroffensive, Kyiv officials said.

Military analysts say Ukraine may focus its expected counteroffensive on the Zaporizhzhia region, trying to split Russian forces in two by pushing through to the Azov Sea coast in the south.

Relatives of Zaporizhzhia plant staff who agreed to relocate were taken to Russia’s southern Rostov region and placed in temporary camps, the Ukrainian General Staff said.

It added that plant employees are currently prohibited from leaving Enerhodar. It made no mention of the alleged Russian plan referred to by Energoatom.