It begins in Pennsylvania, crosses the Delaware River and continues through Hunterdon, Somerset, Morris, Passaic and Bergen counties before crossing the Hudson River near Indian Point nuclear facility.
In the past, it has generated occasional activity that generated a 2.6 magnitude quake in New Jersey’s Peakpack/Gladstone area and 3.0 magnitude quake in Mendham.
“There is occasional seismic activity in New Jersey,” said Robinson. “There have been a few quakes locally that have been felt and done a little bit of damage over the time since colonial settlement — some chimneys knocked down in Manhattan with a quake back in the 18th century, but nothing of a significant magnitude.”
“More recently, in the 1970s and early 1980s, earthquake risk along the Ramapo Fault received attention because of its proximity to Indian Point,” according to the New Jersey Geological Survey website.
Historically, critics of the Indian Point Nuclear facility in Westchester County, New York, did cite its proximity to the Ramapo fault line as a significant risk.
“Subsequent investigations have shown the 1884 Earthquake epicenter was actually located in Brooklyn, New York, at least 25 miles from the Ramapo Fault,” according to the New Jersey Geological Survey website.
Recent advances in military technology may push us closer to the edge.By Kelsey D. Atherton
NOVEMBER 18, 2022, 1:02 PM ETSHARE
On Tuesday, a missile landed in Przewodów, a Polish village near the border with Ukraine. Two people were killed in the blast. Their deaths were a direct consequence of Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine, though in the fog of war it was not immediately clear which side was to blame. Initial theories held that the missile had been fired by Russia at Ukraine and gone astray, though later U.S. intelligence suggested that it had instead been part of an interceptor fired by Ukraine at a Russian missile. Consensus has formed around the latter idea.
But no one should rest any easier knowing that the spillover from a defensive strike is to blame for what happened in Poland. Recent advances in defense technology may have, paradoxically, upended the old concept of mutually assured destruction—the idea that the guaranteed annihilation of an aggressor by its nuclear-armed target would prevent such an attack. Instead, by trying to protect ourselves from nuclear weapons, we might be making the threat of them worse.
Although NATO nations, including the United States, have continuously armed Ukraine against Russia, early calls for the United States to create a no-fly zone over the country—essentially a commitment to attack Russian aircraft, should they overfly Ukraine—were rejected by the Biden administration. The risk of starting a shooting war with another nuclear-armed nation, a war that could escalate to a massive and horrifically destructive nuclear exchange, constrains how countries fight and act. It is partly this constraint that has fueled the pursuit of new technologies to bypass the hard problems of nuclear war.
Nuclear arsenals create a shared sense of vulnerability among the leaders of nuclear-armed nations. But the development of missile-defense technologies unbalances the equation in a number of important ways. One, good defense reduces the nuclear threat faced by a given nation, which could be emboldened to use its own weapons. Two, facing an advanced missile-defense system might lead an attacker to simply use more weapons in a bid to overwhelm any possible interceptors. And three, a nation that finds itself in an arms race might attempt to speed to the finish line by firing off weapons before an adversary’s defenses are operational. Despite these risks, the United States continues to develop missile defenses: A whole agency at the Pentagon is dedicated to the work.
“You can think of two different levels of effectiveness for missile defenses,” James Acton, a co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told me. “One is Reagan’s dream of the hermetically sealed bubble around the U.S. that could never be penetrated. Those would be great in my opinion, but they’re completely technically infeasible. The other one is having enough missile defenses to be able to defend against ragged retaliation from those countries, which is potentially extremely destabilizing, because they would be worried that if we did a first strike on them, their surviving missiles would not be able to penetrate our defenses, and that would give them incentives to go first.”
Of course, the weapons are getting better, too. They can be launched from multiple locations, fly below radar, and travel at remarkably high speeds. These advances shorten the time frame to respond after a nuclear attack is detected, thereby transforming how vulnerable leaders may feel in such a moment: It is, in other words, more likely than ever before that a bad decision will be made in haste.
The foreign-policy researchers Keir A. Lieber and Daryl G. Press have said that recent changes in technology—better sensors and data processing, new weapons—herald a new era of nuclear vulnerability. “Nuclear deterrence can be robust, but nothing about it is automatic or ever-lasting,” they wrote in a 2017 paper. Fast and potentially nuclear-armed weapons like hypersonic missiles threaten old protocols designed around the predictable flight paths of intercontinental ballistic missiles, or the familiar radar signatures of bombers.
Kelley Sayler, writing for the Congressional Research Service, noted that analysts have identified two relevant factors here: “the weapon’s short time-of-flight—which, in turn, compresses the timeline for response” and “its unpredictable flight path—which could generate uncertainty about the weapon’s intended target and therefore heighten the risk of miscalculation or unintended escalation in the event of a conflict.”
Hypersonic missiles travel at speeds of Mach 5 or greater, and are harder for existing early-warning systems to see and track. Hypersonic missiles are in development by China, Russia, and the United States, and can carry both nuclear and conventional warheads. This arms race clarifies that the story of nuclear war has always been about a competition between nations to develop superior technology. The United States commissioned research and development of the atomic bomb partly out of a fear that other countries, specifically Nazi Germany, might develop it first.
Over the course of a few years, the Manhattan Project created the durable bones of an entire secret nuclear-weapons complex, with labs to design and iterate nuclear weapons and reactors to refine uranium into plutonium. On July 16, 1945, the first atomic warhead was detonated on what is now White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. Unwitting atomic victims were created moments later, as fallout reached the sparsely populated scrubland around the site, contaminating the environment, food, and water supplies with radiation. “My outer skin gradually fell off the next few days,” one 89-year-old resident recalled to me decades later.
Then, on August 6, the United States Army Air Forces dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Three days later, they dropped a second, on Nagasaki. The low estimate, made by the U.S. military in the 1940s, is that the two bombs killed 110,000 people in total. In the 1970s, an international team led by Japan issued a high estimate, of 210,000 killed. While there is an arguably specious postwar narrative that President Harry Truman weighed the cost of the bombing against the cost of invasion, and made an affirmative decision to use the bombs, the technology historian Alex Wellerstein has argued that Truman’s most consequential order came after the fact, on August 10.
“The day after Nagasaki, Truman issued his first affirmative command regarding the bomb: no more strikes without his express authorization. He never issued the order to drop the bombs, but he did issue the order to stop dropping them,” Wellerstein wrote.
All weapons of war are tools in service of a political aim. The decision to give the president direct control over the atomic bomb changed the politics of nuclear warfare, and did so at a time when the United States was the only country to have developed such weapons. This era was short. In 1949, the Soviet Union successfully detonated its first atomic warhead.
Rapid development followed. In 1952 and 1953, respectively, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. detonated hydrogen bombs—massively more destructive warheads with two nuclear cores packed into a smaller payload. Nuclear armaments expanded beyond bombs dropped by long-range planes to include missiles carried by hidden submarines and intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs, launched from the ground—weapons that could arc into space and then crash down to Earth thousands of miles away. These three points of origin—air, sea, and land—would become known as the “nuclear triad,” and played an important role in deterrence: By spreading its arsenal out, a world power increased the odds that it could successfully shoot off a retaliatory strike.
The Islamic Republic was the scene of another night of violence with shooting attacks and clashes in the streets. The mobilizations take place on the third anniversary of the 2019 mobilizations, in which the repression of the Persian regime left 300 people dead
The protests yesterday in Iran left at least 12 dead (AFP)
The protests that began after the death on September 16 of Amini, after being arrested earlier by the Morale Police for wearing the Islamic headscarf incorrectly, have intensified in recent days due to the commemoration of the mobilizations of 2019, in which 300 people died.
“Woman, life, freedom”< /b>, the slogan of the protests, resounded last night in many cities across the country, such as Tehran, Gorgan, Sanandaj and Isfahan, where protesters danced around bonfires.
The chaos of the protests was “taken advantage of by terrorist groups” to carry out a shooting attack in the southern city of Ize Iran, according to the regime’s official agency IRNA.
That city experienced heavy clashes last night, in which protesters set fire to a religious seminary, according to Tasnim.
In another attack, gunmen on motorcycles fired at security forces in the city of Isfahan, in the center of the country, killing two basiji (Islamic militants) and wounding eight others.
In addition, three people died in the city of Semirom, in the province of Isfahan, in circumstances not explained by the authorities.
Intensification of protests
Protests have intensified since Tuesday, following a call by activists to commemorate the 2019 mobilizations that killed 300 people, according to Amnesty International
Strikes are taking place in many cities of the country, but it is difficult to know their extent given the limitations of the internet and the lack of official information.
Activists in Tehran reported closures in the Grand Bazaar, an end point that EFE could not verify, but the popular Tajrish bazaar was fully open yesterday.
In another well-known shopping mall in the capital several shops were closed and some shopkeepers were shouting “death to the dictator”, referring to the supreme leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei.
Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaks during a meeting with a group of students in Tehran, Iran, on November 2, 2022. Office of the Iranian Supreme Leader/WANA (West Asian News Agency)/Handout via REUTERS/File
Police spokesman Mehdi Hayian said some individuals were threatening merchants in the Grand Bazaar and other markets to close in an attempt to cause “terror”.
The protests are carried out above all by young people and women shouting “woman, life, freedom”, chanting slogans against the regime and burning veils, one of the symbols of the Islamic Republic and something unthinkable not long ago.
The security forces are harshly repressing the protests, while the authorities censor internet and communications to try to stop them.
At least 326, including 43 minors, have been killed in police repression, according to the Oslo-based NGO Iran Human Rights.
Furthermore, five people have so far been sentenced to death for their participation in the demonstrations, while some 2,000 have been accused of various crimes for demonstrating.
The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly approved yesterday by 79 votes in favor, 28 against and 68 abstentions a resolution critical of Iran for the latest riots and the extensive repression unleashed to defuse them.
SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea fired an intercontinental ballistic missile that landed near Japanese waters Friday in its second major weapons test this month that showed a potential ability to launch nuclear strikes on all of the U.S. mainland.
The United States quickly condemned the launch and vowed to take “all necessary measures” to guarantee the safety of its mainland and allies South Korea and Japan. Vice President Kamala Harris will separately meet with leaders of allies who are attending a regional forum in Bangkok to discuss North Korea’s recent ballistic missile launch.
The North’s ongoing torrid run of weapons tests aims to advance its nuclear arsenal and win greater concessions in eventual diplomacy, and the launches come as China and Russia have opposed U.S. moves to toughen sanctions aimed at curbing North Korea’s nuclear program.
According to South Korean and Japanese estimates, the North Korean missile flew about 6,000-6,100 kilometers (3,600-3,790 miles) at a maximum altitude of 1,000 kilometers (620 miles).
Japanese Defense Minister Yasukazu Hamada told reporters the altitude suggests the missile was launched on a high angle. He said depending on the weight of a warhead to be placed on the missile, the weapon has a range exceeding 15,000 kilometers (9,320 miles), “in which case it could cover the entire mainland United States.”
U.S. National Security Council spokesperson Adrienne Watson said the launch “needlessly raises tensions and risks destabilizing” regional security while showing the North’s prioritizing of unlawful weapons programs over the well-being of its people. She said President Joe Biden was briefed over the launch.
“Pyongyang must immediately cease its destabilizing actions and instead choose diplomatic engagement,” Watson said.
Hamada, the Japanese defense minister, called the launch “a reckless act that threatens Japan as well as the region and the international community.”
South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff called the launch “a grave provocation and serious threat” to undermine international and regional peace and security. It said South Korea maintains readiness to make “an overwhelming response to any North Korean provocation” amid close coordination with the United States.
After being briefed over the launch, South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol ordered officials to boost security cooperation with the United States and Japan and implement unspecified deterrence steps that were previously agreed upon with the United States. Yoon also ordered officials to push for strong international condemnations and sanctions on North Korea, according to his office.
The Hwasong-17 has a longer potential range than the others, and its huge size suggests it’s designed to carry multiple nuclear warheads to defeat missile defense systems. Some experts say the Nov. 3 test showed some technological progress in the development of the Hwasong-17, given that in its earlier test in March, the missile exploded soon after liftoff.
It wasn’t immediately known if North Korea launched a Hwasong-17 missile again on Friday or something else.
In recent months, North Korea has performed dozens of shorter-range missile tests that it called simulations of nuclear attacks on South Korean and U.S. targets. But it had halted weapons launches for about a week before it fired a short-range ballistic missile on Thursday.
Before Thursday’s launch, the North’s foreign minister, Choe Son Hui, threatened to launch “fiercer” military responses to the U.S. bolstering its security commitment to its allies South Korea and Japan.
Choe was referring to Biden’s recent trilateral summit with Yoon and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida on the sidelines of a regional gathering in Cambodia. In their joint statement, the three leaders strongly condemned North Korea’s recent missile tests and agreed to work together to strengthen deterrence. Biden reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to defend South Korea and Japan with a full range of capabilities, including its nuclear arms.
Choe didn’t say what steps North Korea could take but said that “the U.S. will be well aware that it is gambling, for which it will certainly regret.”
Pyongyang sees the U.S. military presence in the region as proof of its hostility toward North Korea. It has said its recent series of weapons launches were its response to what it called provocative military drills between the United States and South Korea.
North Korea has been under multiple rounds of United Nations sanctions over its previous nuclear and missile tests. But no fresh sanctions have been applied this year though it has conducted dozens of ballistic missile launches, which are banned by U.N. Security Council resolutions.
That’s possible because China and Russia, two of the U.N. council’s veto-wielding members, oppose new U.N. sanctions. Washington is locked in a strategic competition with Beijing and in a confrontation with Moscow over its invasion of Ukraine.
AP journalist Krutika Pathi contributed to this report from Bangkok. Yamaguchi reported from Tokyo.
Spokesperson Mumtaz Zahra Baloch said that an Indian media report, quoting director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as saying that BrahMos fire on March 9, 2022 was “not a cause for any specific concern” was a “disingenuous attempt” by the Indian media to absolve India.
“India also needs to answer questions about the underlying intentions, technical features and reliability of the missile system, safety, security and nuclear command and control protocols, and the presence of rogue elements in the Indian military,” Baloch said in a press release.
“The report is a disingenuous attempt by the Indian state-sponsored media to absolve India of its irresponsible nuclear behaviour by directing this question at the Director General IAEA,” she added, responding to a query regarding the Indian media reports.
The director general’s response could not be purposely misinterpreted to trivialise the incident of a missile fire with grave implications for regional and global security. The available transcripts showed that IAEA DG responded in negative when asked whether the IAEA had sought information from the Indian government on the incident.
It was expected to report these nuclear security related incidents under the IAEA Incidents and trafficking database. These critical questions, which remained unanswered, should continue to be of concern to the international community, the statement added.
In a joint statement, issued on Wednesday following a meeting between Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, President of the European Council Charles Michel, and the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen on the sideline of the G-20 Summit in Bali, Indonesia, they reaffirmed their unwavering support to Ukraine.
“Australia and the EU concurred that Russia’s irresponsible nuclear rhetoric is unacceptable and that any use of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons by Russia would be met with severe consequences,” said the statement published on the Australian premier’s official website.
The Australian and European leaders vowed to stand resolutely with Ukraine and its people and remain unwavering in their support of Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders.
“The leaders firmly rejected and will never recognize either the illegal attempted annexation by Russia of Ukraine’s Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhzhia and Kherson regions, or the illegal sham ‘referenda’ that Russia engineered, with their falsified and illegal results,” it said.
They urged Moscow to immediately, completely, and unconditionally withdraw its forces from within the internationally recognized borders of Ukraine and cease its war.
They also discussed climate change issues facing the region and agreed to support small, developing, and vulnerable states, including Pacific Island countries, in responding to climate change impacts.
“They remain deeply committed to full implementation of the Paris Agreement, noting the urgency to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees through rapid, deep, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in this decade and to achieve net zero emissions by 2050,” the statement added.
The leaders also reaffirmed the commitment to maintaining peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait and opposed any unilateral changes to the status quo and urged to de-escalate tension through diplomacy.
Tel Aviv: Rocket attacks by Hamas and terror outfit Hezbollah from Gaza and Lebanon may not cause deaths but it continues to haunt and terrorise Israeli citizens. Every time a rocket is launched sirens start blowing across Israel and people start rushing towards bomb shelters or safe houses.
However Israeli defence forces are still concerned about rocket attacks, according to an estimate there are 30,000 rockets in Gaza with Hamas and more than 1,30,000 in Lebanon with Hezbollah which Israel claims enjoys the backing of Iran.
There is a fear that in case of all-out war with Israel both Hamas and Hezbollah can sustain 4,000 rocket attacks a day and Israel is not equipped to handle such combined attacks.
Speaking to ANI, former international spokesperson of IDF Yonaton Konikos said: “Rockets are a significant threat to state of Israel, today is not just about southern part, majority of the Jewish population is under rocket threat from Gaza and that is without speaking about bigger threat from Lebanon, Hezbollah which has hundred and thirty thousand rockets as opposed to thirty thousand rockets here, thirty thousand in Gaza and hundred and thirty thousand in Lebanon and all the scenario Israel anticipate is that if there is significant escalation Hamas and Hezbollah even though one is Sunni other is Shia they will coordinate the effort and they will fire simultaneously and hundred and thirty thousand from north and thirty thousand from south all of Israel, all population is under rocket threat, unlike many other countries whose military is under threat, for us it is about our families under threat from terrorist organisations.”
Towns near Gaza border bore the maximum brunt of rocket attacks, ANI visited a town very close to Gaza called Netiv Hasara.
Speaking to us, a resident displays a rocket and told us that this is one of the first rockets fired from Gaza towards Israel, she said first rocket fell in her farm and we were laughing, media covered the attack first day, then again second and third-day rockets continue to fall and we understood that our lives are going to change forever, she added.