New York Subways at the Sixth Seal (Revelation 6)


How vulnerable are NYC’s underwater subway tunnels to flooding?Ashley Fetters
New York City is full of peculiar phenomena—rickety fire escapes; 100-year-old subway tunnelsair conditioners propped perilously into window frames—that can strike fear into the heart of even the toughest city denizen. But should they? Every month, writer Ashley Fetters will be exploring—and debunking—these New York-specific fears, letting you know what you should actually worry about, and what anxieties you can simply let slip away.
The 25-minute subway commute from Crown Heights to the Financial District on the 2/3 line is, in my experience, a surprisingly peaceful start to the workday—save for one 3,100-foot stretch between the Clark Street and Wall Street stations, where for three minutes I sit wondering what the probability is that I will soon die a torturous, claustrophobic drowning death right here in this subway car.
The Clark Street Tunnel, opened in 1916, is one of approximately a dozen tunnels that escort MTA passengers from one borough to the next underwater—and just about all of them, with the exception of the 1989 addition of the 63rd Street F train tunnel, were constructed between 1900 and 1936.
Each day, thousands of New Yorkers venture across the East River and back again through these tubes buried deep in the riverbed, some of which are nearing or even past their 100th birthdays. Are they wrong to ponder their own mortality while picturing one of these watery catacombs suddenly springing a leak?
Mostly yes, they are, says Michael Horodniceanu, the former president of MTA Capital Construction and current principal of Urban Advisory Group. First, it’s important to remember that the subway tunnel is built under the riverbed, not just in the river—so what immediately surrounds the tunnel isn’t water but some 25 feet of soil. “There’s a lot of dirt on top of it,” Horodniceanu says. “It’s well into the bed of the bottom of the channel.”
And second, as Angus Kress Gillespie, author of Crossing Under the Hudson: The Story of the Holland and Lincoln Tunnels, points out, New York’s underwater subway tunnels are designed to withstand some leaking. And withstand it they do: Pumps placed below the floor of the tunnel, he says, are always running, always diverting water seepage into the sewers. (Horodniceanu says the amount of water these pumps divert into the sewer system each day numbers in the thousands of gallons.)
Additionally, MTA crews routinely repair the grouting and caulking, and often inject a substance into the walls that creates a waterproof membrane outside the tunnel—which keeps water out of the tunnel and relieves any water pressure acting on its walls. New tunnels, Horodniceanu points out, are even built with an outside waterproofing membrane that works like an umbrella: Water goes around it, it falls to the sides, and then it gets channeled into a pumping station and pumped out.
Of course, the classic New York nightmare scenario isn’t just a cute little trickle finding its way in. The anxiety daydream usually involves something sinister, or seismic. The good news, however, is that while an earthquake or explosion would indeed be bad for many reasons, it likely wouldn’t result in the frantic flooding horror scene that plays out in some commuters’ imaginations.
The Montague Tube, which sustained severe damage during Hurricane Sandy.
MTA New York City Transit / Marc A. Hermann
Horodniceanu assures me that tunnels built more recently are “built to withstand a seismic event.” The older tunnels, however—like, um, the Clark Street Tunnel—“were not seismically retrofitted, let me put it that way,” Horodniceanu says. “But the way they were built is in such a way that I do not believe an earthquake would affect them.” They aren’t deep enough in the ground, anyway, he says, to be too intensely affected by a seismic event. (The MTA did not respond to a request for comment.)
One of the only real threats to tunnel infrastructure, Horodniceanu adds, is extreme weather. Hurricane Sandy, for example, caused flooding in the tunnels, which “created problems with the infrastructure.” He continues, “The tunnels have to be rebuilt as a result of saltwater corroding the infrastructure.”
Still, he points out, hurricanes don’t exactly happen with no warning. So while Hurricane Sandy did cause major trauma to the tunnels, train traffic could be stopped with ample time to keep passengers out of harm’s way. In 2012, Governor Andrew Cuomo directed all the MTA’s mass transit services to shut down at 7 p.m. the night before Hurricane Sandy was expected to hit New York City.
And Gillespie, for his part, doubts even an explosion would result in sudden, dangerous flooding. A subway tunnel is not a closed system, he points out; it’s like a pipe that’s open at both ends. “The force of a blast would go forwards and backwards out the exit,” he says.
So the subway-train version of that terrifying Holland Tunnel flood scene in Sylvester Stallone’s Daylight is … unrealistic, right?
“Yeah,” Gillespie laughs. “Yeah. It is.”
Got a weird New York anxiety that you want explored? E-mail, and we may include it in a future column.

Iran’s Bloody Protests Show Regime is Losing Control—U.N. Envoy

Iranian women protest
Iranian women shout slogans to protest over the death of Mahsa Amini during a demonstration outside the Iranian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, Monday, Oct. 17, 2022. Amini, a 22-year-old woman who had been detained by Iran’s morality police in the capital of Tehran for allegedly not adhering to Iran’s strict Islamic dress code, died while being in police custody. Javaid Rehman, the U.N.’s special rapporteur on the situation of human rights to the Islamic Republic of Iran, recently said the situation could rise beyond the control of Iran’s ruling regime.ASSOCIATED PRESS

BY BRENDAN COLE ON 10/18/22 AT 8:33 AM EDT00:33

Protesters Cut Hair And Burn Hijabs After Iranian Woman’s Death In Custody

“The level of repression and authoritarianism and brutality that is taking place in Iran cannot go on—something will have to give,” Javaid Rehman, whose duties include monitoring and investigating human rights violations in Iran and reporting to the U.N. General Assembly on the human rights situation there, said. “Otherwise, there is a real risk that the people will rise and it will be beyond the control of the Iranian authorities.”

Demonstrations throughout the country have gathered momentum following the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old woman who had been arrested by morality police in Tehran on September 13 for an alleged breach of the country’s strict dress code for women.

The reports that she had been beaten with a baton contrasted with the authorities’ explanation that she had suffered a heart attack three days later—an explanation that was deemed implausible by most.

Anger expressed in protests at her funeral in her home city of Saqqez in Kurdistan province has swelled and morphed nationally into demands for freedoms and an overthrow of the state.

Videos show women defiantly setting their headscarves on fire and cutting their hair in public to chants of “Woman, life, freedom” and “Death to the dictator” in reference to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

There has also been anger directed at President Ebrahim Raisi, who since he took office in 2021, has increased policing of the dress code for women. Human rights groups say Raisi should be held accountable for the executions of 30,000 detained leftists in 1988 while chief prospector of the Tehran revolutionary court, although he has denied involvement.

Rehman said that although women and girls have taken part in such protests in Iran for decades, there is an unprecedented fervor to these demonstrations which involve more younger people hungry for change.

“There is a certain amount of passion and a feeling that enough is enough insofar as the repression and brutality and violence against women and girls is concerned,” he told Newsweek.

Sarah, a 21-year-old from Mahabad, in Iran’s West Azerbaijan Province, who did not give her last name, is among those agitating for change. An activist with the MEK Resistance Units, which supports the Iranian opposition movement People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran, she described the protesters as coming from all walks of life in a “most beautiful and lasting alliance.”

“The people are fed up with this regime,” she told Newsweek. “The extent of the uprising in different cities shows that there is an atmosphere of unity and there is hope.”

She believed the protests had “passed an important milestone” and that those demonstrating had a “common dream for the freedom of a great nation.”

“It is a common goal for a common dream for the freedom of a great nation. We have been waiting for this uprising for several years and have planned for it. With all the risks that we have, we will continue this way until the overthrow of this mullah’s regime.”

“The work of this regime is violence, thousands of people go to prison,” Sarah said, “but can they kill and imprison 80 million?”

“We want the western and the U.S governments to stand by the Iranian people and to recognize the right of the people to resist and overthrow. Right now this regime has weakened and people are fed up with it,” she added.

Violent clashes have broken out at times, with protestors torching buildings of the security forces. The crackdown on protests across 191 cities over 33 days had led to around 400 deaths and 20,000 detentions, according to the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (MEK), an opposition group looking to establish a democratic Iran.

Strikes have been reported in schools, universities and the oil sector while demonstrations have also spread to European capitals with women cutting their hair to show solidarity.

On Saturday, there was a fire at Tehran’s Evin prison, which houses political prisoners. Iranian authorities say eight people were killed in the blaze. However, MEK spokesperson Shahin Gobadi told Newsweek in a statement that “at least 30 inmates were killed” and that there have been protests by inmates in other prisons shouting “Death to Khamenei,” showing “that the uprising well into its second month, is moving forward.”

“It is time that the West in general and U.S. in particular side with the Iranian people in their desire for overthrowing the regime and establishing a freely elected democratic republic,” he added.

Last week, President Joe Biden said that the U.S. stands with the women of Iran and said Tehran has to end the violence against its own citizens simply exercising their fundamental rights.” Raisi responded by accusing Biden of trying to “fan the flames of unrest” and referenced the U.S. as the “Great Satan,” the Iranian state-run Fars News agency reported.

Rehman, who is being stopped by Tehran from entering the country, said he needed to be allowed access to Iran. He believed an international response was needed to push the government of Raisi to make legal and political reforms. These would pave the way for more rights for women and girls, as well as for religious and linguistic minorities.

“You can’t stop protests just by adopting repression, he said, “Iran is collapsing, and they have to understand there could be very serious consequences for this regime.”

Newsweek has reached out to the Iranian foreign ministry for comment.

Update 10/18/22, 11.15am. ET: This article has been updated with a statement to Newsweek by MEK spokesman Shahin Gobadi.

World War 3 Has Already Started: Revelation 16

World War III has already started’

Ben Werschkul

·Washington Correspondent

Mon, October 17, 2022 at 2:48 PM·3 min read

President Vladimir Putin’s refusal to rule out using “tactical” nuclear weapons in Russia’s war against Ukraine put much of the world on edge last month. But economist Nouriel Roubini says a nuclear escalation of that nearly eight-month conflict could mark just the start of a global battle.

The world could also see nuclear conflict in Iran and, most worrying for the U.S., around China’s fight for Taiwan, says Roubini, who was dubbed “Dr. Doom” after the realization of his dire predictions including the 2008 housing crisis that sparked the Great Recession.

The New York University business professor contends a cold war already exists between the U.S. and China, and that it could escalate into a “hot war” as President Xi Jinping aims to unite China and Taiwan. Roubini appeared on Monday at the Yahoo Finance’s 2022 All Markets Summit, ahead of the release of his book, “Megathreats: Ten Dangerous Threats that Imperil our Future and How to Survive Them.”

“In some sense, World War III has already started,” Roubini said. “It started in Ukraine because this conflict has broader implications that go well beyond Russia and Ukraine. It’s the beginning of something else.”

A cold war between the West ‘and a number of revisionist powers’

Speaking to Yahoo Finance’s editor-in-chief on Monday, Roubini highlighted geopolitical threats and what he calls a new cold war that has emerged between the U.S. and China as well as between the West and “revisionist” powers including Russia, China, Iran, North Korea, and Pakistan.

“They’re essentially challenging the economic, social, and geopolitical order that the U.S., and Europe, and the West created after World War II,” Roubini said, explaining this crisis could ensnare the U.S.

In addition to Ukraine, another flash point could also be Iran, Roubini says.

“The negotiations between the U.S. and Iran on the new nuclear deal are not going anywhere, and Israel is saying if [Iran is] going to become nuclear — and they’re one step away from it — we’re going to attack them,” Roubini said.

At the same time, the U.S. and China are on a collision course as the two countries continue to uncouple on fronts from trade to the movement of labor to technology.

“I believe the next 5-10 years is going to be the time where there’s going to be a confrontation between the U.S. and China on the issue of Taiwan and that could be a trigger of this cold war becoming a hot war,” he said. “That’s how we get to World War III.”

Chinese President Xi Jinping is widely expected to claim a third term atop his nation during the Communist Party’s national congress this week, cementing him as China’s most powerful ruler since Mao Zedong.

The leader also called to build up China’s military further as the conference kicked off on Sunday, reportedly saying the country should “be prepared for danger in times of peace [and] prepare for a rainy day and be ready to withstand major tests of high winds and high waves.”

The developments this week come after tensions over Taiwan peaked this summer when U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taipei on Aug. 2. Chinese warships encircled the island, roiling world markets and raising the possibility of much more dire consequences if China directly attacked Taiwan.

In Ukraine, that conflict took another turn on Monday when a wave of explosives-laden Russian suicide drones exploded in Kyiv. The attacks set buildings ablaze and further frayed nerves in Ukraine’s capital.

Ben Werschkul is a Washington correspondent for Yahoo Finance.

The European Horns Prepare for Nuclear War: Revelation 16

NATO holds ‘routine’ nuclear drill amid Russia tensions

The New Arab Staff & Agencies

17 October, 2022

NATO has stressed that the “routine, recurring training activity” – which runs until October 30 – was planned before Moscow invaded Ukraine and is not linked to the current situation.

NATO insists these are ‘routine’ drills that were planned before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine [Getty]

NATO on Monday launched its regular nuclear deterrence drills in western Europe, after tensions soared with Russia over President Vladimir Putin’s veiled threats in the face of setbacks in Ukraine.

The 30-nation alliance has stressed that the “routine, recurring training activity” – which runs until 30 October – was planned before Moscow invaded Ukraine and is not linked to the current situation.

It will involve US B-52 long-range bombers, and up to 60 aircraft in total will take part in training flights over Belgium, the United Kingdom and the North Sea.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has rejected any calls to scrap the drill after Putin ratcheted up his nuclear rhetoric as his troops lose ground in Ukraine.

“It would send a very wrong signal if we suddenly now cancelled a routine, long-time planned exercise because of the war in Ukraine,” Stoltenberg said last week.

“We need to understand that NATO’s firm, predictable behaviour, our military strength, is the best way to prevent escalation.”

NATO says it has seen no change in Russia’s nuclear posture despite the tougher language from the Kremlin.

“But we remain vigilant,” Stoltenberg said.

Warnings of the Sixth Seal: Revelation 6:12

Seismograph with paper in action and earthquake - 3D Rendering


The CaptainPublished: October 17, 2022Petrovich9

    10 years ago this week, on October 16, 2012, Maine was rocked by a pretty good-sized earthquake! The earthquake was in northern York County, with an epicenter near the Waterboro-Hollis town line. This quake was a 4.5 on the Richter Scale. This looks to be one of the largest Maine-based earthquakes ever recorded and could be felt as far away as New Jersey!

    Who Felt the 2012 Maine Earthquake?

    According to the USGS:

    “The earthquake was widely felt across central and southern New England from Bangor, Maine to Hartford, Connecticut, with scattered reports as far as northern New Jersey and central New York State. By Wednesday morning, over 16,000 reports had been submitted to the U.S. Geological Survey’s online site. The regional intensity map shows a small area near the epicenter with peak intensity V, and most of the felt area reporting intensities II to III.”

    Check out the seismic recording. Can you see the spike?!

    Maine Geological Survey
    Maine Geological Survey

    What is the Biggest Earthquake That Ever Happened in Maine?

    Historically, the biggest earthquake known in Maine took place in 1904. This was a big one- we think a 7.0 on the scale! The largest officially measured earthquake in Maine was in 1973, and felt in Northern Oxford County. This was from an earthquake with an epicenter just north of us in Quebec.

    Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are well protected by nuclear Terrorist: Daniel 8

    Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are well protected by Pak Army: Chaudhry Shujaat

    Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are well protected by Pak Army: Chaudhry Shujaat

    16 October,2022 05:08 pm

    Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are well protected by Pak Army: Chaudhry Shujaat

    LAHORE (Dunya News) – Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q) supremo Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain on Sunday said that the country’s nuclear weapons are well protected by the Pakistan Army.

    The PML-Q supremo lashed out at US President Joe Biden by terming his [Biden’s] statement in this regard as ‘baseless’. The former prime minister [Chaudhry Shujaat] said, “Before the 2008 general elections, the current US president [Joe Biden] visited our home with Senator John Kerry and Chuck Hagel and praised Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi’s education policies. Subsequently, they went on to say that if PML-Q wins the elections, then we will not accept the result.”

    “They [Biden and his aides] reiterated this in an interview, to which Pervaiz Elahi asked them what their reaction would be if something like that was said in their election campaign. On this, the US senator changed the subject and started praising Punjab’s health and education sectors.

    Speaking further about nuclear weapons, the former prime minister [Chaudhury Shujaat] said, “Our nuclear programme has been supported by 220 million people. Pakistan has never been irresponsible since it began its nuclear programme .Our nuclear weapons are safer than India and other countries. There is no logic in bringing Pakistan’s nuclear programme into the discussion.”

    Iran accuses ‘Great Satan’ Babylon the Great of ‘inciting chaos, terror’

    Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi attends a news conference in Tehran, Iran August 29, 2022.
    Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi has accused the United States of fomenting recent unrest [File: Majid Asgaripour/West Asia News Agency via Reuters]

    Iran accuses ‘Great Satan’ US of ‘inciting chaos, terror’

    President Raisi joins Supreme Leader Khamenei in blaming the US for instigating deadly protests against the death of a woman in government custody.

    Published On 16 Oct 202216 Oct 2022

    Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi accused United States President Joe Biden of “inciting chaos” after he expressed support for demonstrations against the death of Mahsa Amini, a woman who died in Iranian government custody nearly a month ago.The protests started in mid-September after Amini, 22, died following three days in the custody of Iran’s “morality police” for allegedly violating the strict dress code for women.

    “The remarks of the American president – who is inciting chaos, terror and the destruction of another country – serve as a reminder of the eternal words of the founder of the Islamic Republic who called America the Great Satan,” Raisi said, referring to the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei.

    “The enemy’s plot must be countered by effective measures to resolve people’s problems,” Raisi said, according to a statement from the president’s office.

    Dozens of people have died in the protests. Most have been protesters, but members of the security forces have also died. Hundreds of demonstrators have been arrested.

    On Friday, Biden said, “We stand with the citizens, the brave women of Iran.”

    “It stunned me what it awakened in Iran,” the US president said. “It awakened something that I don’t think will be quieted for a long, long time.”

    Iranian foreign affairs spokesman Nasser Kanani said on Sunday, “Iran is too strong for its will to be swayed by the interference … of a politician tired of years of failure.”

    “We will together defend the independence of Iran,” Kanani wrote on Instagram.

    The US issued new sanctions against Iranian officials on October 6 over what it called the “violent suppression of protests”.

    Raisi accused the United States of starting unrest in the past, saying because of “the failure of America in militarisation and sanctions, Washington and its allies have resorted to the failed policy of destabilisation”.

    This month, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei blamed the US and Israel for instigating the protests, accusing them of trying to stop Iran’s “progress”.