Columbia University Warns Of Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

Earthquakes May Endanger New York More Than Thought, Says Study
A study by a group of prominent seismologists suggests that a pattern of subtle but active faults makes the risk of earthquakes to the New York City area substantially greater than formerly believed. Among other things, they say that the controversial Indian Point nuclear power plants, 24 miles north of the city, sit astride the previously unidentified intersection of two active seismic zones. The paper appears in the current issue of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.
Many faults and a few mostly modest quakes have long been known around New York City, but the research casts them in a new light. The scientists say the insight comes from sophisticated analysis of past quakes, plus 34 years of new data on tremors, most of them perceptible only by modern seismic instruments. The evidence charts unseen but potentially powerful structures whose layout and dynamics are only now coming clearer, say the scientists. All are based at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, which runs the network of seismometers that monitors most of the northeastern United States.
Lead author Lynn R. Sykes said the data show that large quakes are infrequent around New Yorkcompared to more active areas like California and Japan, but that the risk is high, because of the overwhelming concentration of people and infrastructure. “The research raises the perception both of how common these events are, and, specifically, where they may occur,” he said. “It’s an extremely populated area with very large assets.” Sykes, who has studied the region for four decades, is known for his early role in establishing the global theory of plate tectonics.
The authors compiled a catalog of all 383 known earthquakes from 1677 to 2007 in a 15,000-square-mile area around New York City. Coauthor John Armbruster estimated sizes and locations of dozens of events before 1930 by combing newspaper accounts and other records. The researchers say magnitude 5 quakes—strong enough to cause damage–occurred in 1737, 1783 and 1884. There was little settlement around to be hurt by the first two quakes, whose locations are vague due to a lack of good accounts; but the last, thought to be centered under the seabed somewhere between Brooklyn and Sandy Hook, toppled chimneys across the city and New Jersey, and panicked bathers at Coney Island. Based on this, the researchers say such quakes should be routinely expected, on average, about every 100 years. “Today, with so many more buildings and people, a magnitude 5 centered below the city would be extremely attention-getting,” said Armbruster. “We’d see billions in damage, with some brick buildings falling. People would probably be killed.”
Starting in the early 1970s Lamont began collecting data on quakes from dozens of newly deployed seismometers; these have revealed further potential, including distinct zones where earthquakes concentrate, and where larger ones could come. The Lamont network, now led by coauthor Won-Young Kim, has located hundreds of small events, including a magnitude 3 every few years, which can be felt by people at the surface, but is unlikely to cause damage. These small quakes tend to cluster along a series of small, old faults in harder rocks across the region. Many of the faults were discovered decades ago when subways, water tunnels and other excavations intersected them, but conventional wisdom said they were inactive remnants of continental collisions and rifting hundreds of millions of years ago. The results clearly show that they are active, and quite capable of generating damaging quakes, said Sykes.
One major previously known feature, the Ramapo Seismic Zone, runs from eastern Pennsylvania to the mid-Hudson Valley, passing within a mile or two northwest of Indian Point. The researchers found that this system is not so much a single fracture as a braid of smaller ones, where quakes emanate from a set of still ill-defined faults. East and south of the Ramapo zone—and possibly more significant in terms of hazard–is a set of nearly parallel northwest-southeast faults. These include Manhattan’s 125th Street fault, which seems to have generated two small 1981 quakes, and could have been the source of the big 1737 quake; the Dyckman Street fault, which carried a magnitude 2 in 1989; the Mosholu Parkway fault; and the Dobbs Ferry fault in suburban Westchester, which generated the largest recent shock, a surprising magnitude 4.1, in 1985. Fortunately, it did no damage. Given the pattern, Sykes says the big 1884 quake may have hit on a yet-undetected member of this parallel family further south.
The researchers say that frequent small quakes occur in predictable ratios to larger ones, and so can be used to project a rough time scale for damaging events. Based on the lengths of the faults, the detected tremors, and calculations of how stresses build in the crust, the researchers say that magnitude 6 quakes, or even 7—respectively 10 and 100 times bigger than magnitude 5–are quite possible on the active faults they describe. They calculate that magnitude 6 quakes take place in the area about every 670 years, and sevens, every 3,400 years. The corresponding probabilities of occurrence in any 50-year period would be 7% and 1.5%. After less specific hints of these possibilities appeared in previous research, a 2003 analysis by The New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation put the cost of quakes this size in the metro New York area at $39 billion to $197 billion. A separate 2001 analysis for northern New Jersey’s Bergen County estimates that a magnitude 7 would destroy 14,000 buildings and damage 180,000 in that area alone. The researchers point out that no one knows when the last such events occurred, and say no one can predict when they next might come.
“We need to step backward from the simple old model, where you worry about one large, obvious fault, like they do in California,” said coauthor Leonardo Seeber. “The problem here comes from many subtle faults. We now see there is earthquake activity on them. Each one is small, but when you add them up, they are probably more dangerous than we thought. We need to take a very close look.” Seeber says that because the faults are mostly invisible at the surface and move infrequently, a big quake could easily hit one not yet identified. “The probability is not zero, and the damage could be great,” he said. “It could be like something out of a Greek myth.”
The researchers found concrete evidence for one significant previously unknown structure: an active seismic zone running at least 25 miles from Stamford, Conn., to the Hudson Valley town of Peekskill, N.Y., where it passes less than a mile north of the Indian Point nuclear power plant. The Stamford-Peekskill line stands out sharply on the researchers’ earthquake map, with small events clustered along its length, and to its immediate southwest. Just to the north, there are no quakes, indicating that it represents some kind of underground boundary. It is parallel to the other faults beginning at 125th Street, so the researchers believe it is a fault in the same family. Like the others, they say it is probably capable of producing at least a magnitude 6 quake. Furthermore, a mile or so on, it intersects the Ramapo seismic zone.
Sykes said the existence of the Stamford-Peekskill line had been suggested before, because the Hudson takes a sudden unexplained bend just ot the north of Indian Point, and definite traces of an old fault can be along the north side of the bend. The seismic evidence confirms it, he said. “Indian Point is situated at the intersection of the two most striking linear features marking the seismicity and also in the midst of a large population that is at risk in case of an accident,” says the paper. “This is clearly one of the least favorable sites in our study area from an earthquake hazard and risk perspective.”
The findings comes at a time when Entergy, the owner of Indian Point, is trying to relicense the two operating plants for an additional 20 years—a move being fought by surrounding communities and the New York State Attorney General. Last fall the attorney general, alerted to the then-unpublished Lamont data, told a Nuclear Regulatory Commission panel in a filing: “New data developed in the last 20 years disclose a substantially higher likelihood of significant earthquake activity in the vicinity of [Indian Point] that could exceed the earthquake design for the facility.” The state alleges that Entergy has not presented new data on earthquakes past 1979. However, in a little-noticed decision this July 31, the panel rejected the argument on procedural grounds. A source at the attorney general’s office said the state is considering its options.
The characteristics of New York’s geology and human footprint may increase the problem. Unlike in California, many New York quakes occur near the surface—in the upper mile or so—and they occur not in the broken-up, more malleable formations common where quakes are frequent, but rather in the extremely hard, rigid rocks underlying Manhattan and much of the lower Hudson Valley. Such rocks can build large stresses, then suddenly and efficiently transmit energy over long distances. “It’s like putting a hard rock in a vise,” said Seeber. “Nothing happens for a while. Then it goes with a bang.” Earthquake-resistant building codes were not introduced to New York City until 1995, and are not in effect at all in many other communities. Sinuous skyscrapers and bridges might get by with minimal damage, said Sykes, but many older, unreinforced three- to six-story brick buildings could crumble.
Art Lerner-Lam, associate director of Lamont for seismology, geology and tectonophysics, pointed out that the region’s major highways including the New York State Thruway, commuter and long-distance rail lines, and the main gas, oil and power transmission lines all cross the parallel active faults, making them particularly vulnerable to being cut. Lerner-Lam, who was not involved in the research, said that the identification of the seismic line near Indian Point “is a major substantiation of a feature that bears on the long-term earthquake risk of the northeastern United States.” He called for policymakers to develop more information on the region’s vulnerability, to take a closer look at land use and development, and to make investments to strengthen critical infrastructure.
“This is a landmark study in many ways,” said Lerner-Lam. “It gives us the best possible evidence that we have an earthquake hazard here that should be a factor in any planning decision. It crystallizes the argument that this hazard is not random. There is a structure to the location and timing of the earthquakes. This enables us to contemplate risk in an entirely different way. And since we are able to do that, we should be required to do that.”
New York Earthquake Briefs and Quotes:
Existing U.S. Geological Survey seismic hazard maps show New York City as facing more hazard than many other eastern U.S. areas. Three areas are somewhat more active—northernmost New York State, New Hampshire and South Carolina—but they have much lower populations and fewer structures. The wider forces at work include pressure exerted from continuing expansion of the mid-Atlantic Ridge thousands of miles to the east; slow westward migration of the North American continent; and the area’s intricate labyrinth of old faults, sutures and zones of weakness caused by past collisions and rifting.
Due to New York’s past history, population density and fragile, interdependent infrastructure, a 2001 analysis by the Federal Emergency Management Agency ranks it the 11th most at-risk U.S. city for earthquake damage. Among those ahead: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle and Portland. Behind: Salt Lake City, Sacramento, Anchorage.
New York’s first seismic station was set up at Fordham University in the 1920s. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, in Palisades, N.Y., has operated stations since 1949, and now coordinates a network of about 40.
Dozens of small quakes have been felt in the New York area. A Jan. 17, 2001 magnitude 2.4, centered  in the Upper East Side—the first ever detected in Manhattan itself–may have originated on the 125th Street fault. Some people thought it was an explosion, but no one was harmed.
The most recent felt quake, a magnitude 2.1 on July 28, 2008, was centered near Milford, N.J. Houses shook and a woman at St. Edward’s Church said she felt the building rise up under her feet—but no damage was done.
Questions about the seismic safety of the Indian Point nuclear power plant, which lies amid a metropolitan area of more than 20 million people, were raised in previous scientific papers in 1978 and 1985.
Because the hard rocks under much of New York can build up a lot strain before breaking, researchers believe that modest faults as short as 1 to 10 kilometers can cause magnitude 5 or 6 quakes.
In general, magnitude 3 quakes occur about 10 times more often than magnitude fours; 100 times more than magnitude fives; and so on. This principle is called the Gutenberg-Richter relationship.

Pakistan Warns of the First Nuclear War: Revelation 8

Pakistan warns of threat to South Asia’s peace by India’s ‘aggressive and expansionist’ regime

Wed, 5 Oct 2022, 12:42 AM

UNITED NATIONS, Oct 05 (APP): Pakistan on Tuesday drew world community’s attention to the threat posed to peace and security in South Asia by India’s “ultranationalist and hegemonic” policies, that, among other objectives, seek to crush the legitimate Kashmiri quest for self-determination with an occupation army of 900,000 troops.

“Peace and security in South Asia is threatened by the ultranationalist and hegemonic policies of one State, turbo-charged by the extremist ideology of Hindutva,” Ambassador Munir Akram told the in the General Assembly’s First Committee, which deals with disarmament and international security matters.

As far Pakistan, he said that Islamabad desired, and was determined to pursue, peace, development and strategic stability based on sovereign equality and mutual respect.

Elaborating the threat to regional peace, the Pakistani envoy said, the Indian government seeks to establish an exclusive Hindu State in India by oppressing and marginalizing its 200 million Muslims and other minorities, and threaten and intimate Pakistan with the deployment of the vast majority of its land, sea and air forces against it and the adoption of doctrines which envisage fighting a “limited war under the nuclear overhang” and resorting to “Cold Start” surprise attacks.

India, he said, is also building-up its conventional and nuclear weapons capabilities, including by the acquisition of weapons – amounting last year to $73 billion – to threaten neighbours, impose its regional hegemony and promote its great power aspirations.

Ambassador Akram also referred to the proclaimed desire of the Hindutva leaders to occupy Azad Kashmir and other territories, and even to create “Akhand Bharat” – a concept which envisages Hindu rule over all South Asia and beyond – are indications of the nature of the New Delhi government and the threat it poses to peace and security in South Asia.

“Lack of global accountability and the generous supply of advanced weapons and technologies have enabled India to continue its defiance of Security Council resolutions, and international law, norms and rules.”

One recent indicator of India’s “reckless” behaviour, he added, was the launch of a supersonic nuclear-capable Indian missile into Pakistan’s territory on 9 March this year.

“This could have escalated into a wider conflict, but for Pakistan’s self restraint. It is insufficient for India to dismiss this incident as an ‘accident’ and pin the responsibility on a few people,” the Pakistani envoy said, adding, “The joint inquiry called by Pakistan is appropriate and essential for strategic stability in South Asia and should be demanded by the relevant international organizations.”

In his remarks, Ambassador Akram said that peace and stability in South Asia can be achieved through:

— The resumption of negotiations to resolve the outstanding disputes between Pakistan and India, especially resolution of the Jammu and Kashmir dispute in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions and the wishes of the Kashmiri people.

— Maintenance of a balance of conventional and strategic military capabilities and deployments, including reciprocal measures for nuclear, missile and military restraints between the two countries, with Pakistan’s proposal for a Strategic Restraint Regime in South Asia remaining on the table, and,

— The simultaneous opening of trade and investment cooperation, including the implementation of connectivity projects linking South Asia with Central Asia, West Asia, China and beyond.

The Pakistani envoy hoped that India will help to create conducive conditions for such a broad-based dialogue to realize peace and stability in South Asia.

The Antichrist Sadr: The people are looking forward to forming a government far from corruption

Al-Sadr: The people are looking forward to forming a government far from corruption

The leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, confirmed today, Tuesday, that the people are looking forward to forming a government that is far from corruption, while calling for restraint and not resorting to violence and weapons from all parties.
Al-Sadr said on Twitter, which was followed by the Iraqi News Agency (INA): “I listened carefully to the session of the UN Security Council on Iraq… and I have some comments on that:
First: With regard to the briefing of the United Nations representative, and it caught my attention when she said: The main reason for what is happening in Iraq is the corruption that everyone agrees to exist,” noting that “this is true and accurate, and the first step for gradual reform is the non-participation of the former faces and their parties, and its persons in the next government in accordance with the aspirations of the religious reference and the aspirations of the people’s revolution.”
“We agree to dialogue if it is public and in order to exclude all participants in the previous political and electoral processes and to hold the corrupt accountable under the cover of an impartial judiciary,” noting that “we look forward to the assistance of the United Nations in this regard: I mean reform, even if gradually.” Al-Sadr added.
Al-Sadr expressed his support for “the words of the participants in the UN Security Council session,” calling for “restraint and not to resort to violence and weapons from all parties, and to expedite the punishment of the perpetrators without regard to their affiliations. The problem of uncontrolled weapons outside the control of the state.

Al-Sadr commended “the Security Council’s stand with Iraq regarding the bombings it is subjected to from here and there,” calling” neighboring countries to respect Iraq’s sovereignty and maintain its security and stability through diplomatic means or through dialogue.”
He continued, “I stand against the insistence of some members of the Security Council to form a government in Iraq. Many governments have been formed, but it have harmed the country and the people,” explaining that “the people’s aspirations are to form a government that is free from corruption, dependency, militias and foreign interference in order to be an independent and stable government, it serves its people, not the interests of its parties and sects, so everyone wants the interest to his party, sect, or race.”
Al-Sadr addressed the members of the Security Council by saying: “Iraq is going through its worst period due to corruption and the dominance of its parties in power, and I do not exclude anyone, even if they belong to us and whom we tried to expose and punish, but they hurry to the arms of the corrupt who object us,” noting that “the other parties have not held accountable the corrupt who belong to them, but perhaps they support them in doing so.”
Secondly: I advise the Security Council not to listen to what the permanent representative of Iraq said in this session, whose speech was wrong in most of what it contained, with great regret. He expressed his thanks to “the representative of the United Nations for what she said, and I advise her to continue her neutral positions and don’t take one side over the other.”

United against the Antichrist

United against Al-Sadr

United against Al-Sadr

Prominent Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr has a lot to worry about. He has created a mass movement only to turn out he is lacking the edge, writes Salah Nasrawi

Over the last few years, the once-radical Shia cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr has reinvented himself as an unlikely moderating force in Iraq. He has a daring plan to get enough support across a range of Iraq’s political factions to be the country’s strongman and kingmaker.

Al-Sadr’s populist movement the “Sadrist Trend” won the most seats in national elections in October last year on a nationalist ticket and appeared certain to form a “majority” government with his Sunni and Kurdish allies with whom he vowed to govern for all.

That would have alarmed most of the Iranian-backed Shia factions that have controlled all “consensus governments” in Iraq since the US-led invasion of the country in 2003 that toppled the regime of former dictator Saddam Hussein.

A year later, however, Al-Sadr has not been able to form a unified government under his control despite the advantages he has received as he has worked hard to soften his image and lead a party that rose out of the anti-establishment movement.   

As a result, the Iran-backed alliance, a long way behind the Sadrists with some 50 seats in the new parliament, has apparently now tilted the political table back in its direction and is threatening to ostracise Al-Sadr.

If it succeeds, the coup against Al-Sadr will be a key game-changer in Iraq’s politics that could drastically transform its messy political landscape with further complications on both the domestic and regional levels.

Al-Sadr, Iraq’s most influential leader, seemed ready to mobilise his mass populist movement to be a key political broker in the country, challenging Shia political rivals and pro-Iran hard-liners who wish to pull the country closer to the neighbouring Islamic Republic.

He rose to a new height after last year’s elections when his party won 73 of the 329 seats in the country’s House of Representatives, setting the stage to form a new government of his choice with his Kurdish and Sunni allies.

But as the clock began ticking with no government in sight, Al-Sadr’s campaign to upend Iraq’s political system to conform to the new image he proposed has showed itself to be filled with failure, weakness, and chaos, and the potential coalition he promised to set up with the Kurds and Sunnis began falling apart.

Al-Sadr’s first misstep came after he failed to outmanoeuvre his Shia rivals to form a new government of his own and ordered his followers to resign from the parliament. The move apparently aimed to create a political vacuum in which he hoped to win a zero-sum game.

His next desperate step was to declare a “reform revolution” by mobilising his supporters and ordering them to occupy the parliament building to bloc rival MPs from holding a session to elect a new president and prime minister and put the power back in their hands.

The final straw came when Al-Sadr abruptly called on his supporters to call it quits and leave the fortified Green Zone in Baghdad that they had briefly occupied, also declaring that he was retiring from political life and closing his political offices.

The sudden de-escalation that brought Al-Sadr’s political judgement and tactics into question drove his followers to despair and threw their mass protest movement into disarray.

As the world watched him faltering in striking a “knockout blow” to his competitors, Al-Sadr appeared to have no plan to fix the self-made crises that had allowed his political rivals to team up to try to regain the initiative.

Al-Sadr has always been seen as a mercurial politician, but his erratic actions this time around have showed that they are not those of a secure leader and have raised speculation that his grip on his supporters may be slipping.

Inevitably, Al-Sadr’s opponents seized the initiative and mounted a counterattack by moving to fill the seats in the parliament left by Al-Sadr’s followers and resume the assembly’s work to take control of the political process.

What has made the coup by Al-Sadr’s Shia rivals successful so far has been the decision of his former allies, the Kurdish leader Masoud Barzani and Sunni Parliamentary Speaker Mohamed Al-Halbousi, to switch sides, dramatically changing the course of the conflict.

The first sign of the emerging coalition came last Wednesday when the parliament convened for the first time since deadly unrest in August and renewed its confidence in Al-Halbousi and elected his deputy to replace a Sadrist lawmaker who had resigned with other MPs.

The next important step will be the nomination of a new president and prime minister to be endorsed by a parliament that is now controlled by a majority of MPs who belong to pro-Iran factions.

Under a power-sharing understanding among the leaders of Iraq’s three main communities, the prime minister should be a Shia Muslim and the speaker of the parliament should be a Sunni Muslim while the job of president should go to a Kurd.

While the Iran-backed Shia factions have already named Mohamed Al-Sudani as the next prime minister, the agreement is expected to facilitate the nomination of a presidential candidate by Barzani’s Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and its rival Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).

The political partners should also agree to share key posts in the government and the security forces such as the secretary-general of the cabinet, the governor of the Iraqi Central Bank, and intelligence and security chiefs.

While the terms of the deal between Al-Sadr’s rivals and the Kurdish and Sunni parties are unclear, the nature of Iraq’s post-Saddam political system, based on political horse-trading, means that the new arrangements will push the country’s most dominant leader into the sunset of his career.

Ostensibly, Al-Sadr’s blunders have emboldened his adversaries, who have sought to stall his endeavours to shake up the Iraqi system. But there also seem to be some other factors that have contributed to crippling his battle for political supremacy.

One explanation for ditching him by Barzani and Al-Halbousi was his failure to consult with them, especially on key issues such as ordering his followers to resign from parliament.

There have also been rumours that Iran, which Al-Sadr has positioned himself as one of its main foes in Iraq, has mounted pressure on the Kurdish and Sunni parties in order to block cooperation with Al-Sadr.

Esmail Qaani, commander of Iran’s Al-Quds Force and its point-man in Iraq, reportedly offered a carrot-and-stick solution to convince the country’s Kurdish and Sunni leaders to join a new coalition with Iran’s allies.

The diminishing support for Al-Sadr by regional and foreign heavyweights during the crisis has also been notable and has been in contrast to the clear backing they gave him after his election victory, which they believed could save Iraq from Iran.

Instead, many signs now suggest that regional and Western powers that earlier favoured Al-Sadr as Iraq’s paramount leader are now less impressed by his performance and may even find him to be an unreliable ally after he was promoted by them as a moderate politician and the “face of reform” in Iraq.

One theory behind this change of heart has been Al-Sadr’s rush to push the new parliament to pass a bill to criminalise the normalisation of relations with Israel. While the US publicly condemned the move as “jeopardising freedom of expression and promoting an environment of anti-Semitism” in Iraq, many of the country’s neighbours who have established relations with Israel have also been dismayed by the resolution.

Nevertheless, Al-Sadr’s current dilemma could still be his opponent’s worst fear. His rivals are facing increasing opposition from many Iraqis who are aghast at the events of the past few months and have begun to make their criticisms public.

Thousands of protesters swept into the streets of Baghdad and other major cities in Iraq last weekend to mark three years since nationwide demonstrations erupted against endemic corruption, rampant unemployment, and decaying public services in the country.

The leaders of the protests gave the country’s ruling oligarchs until the end of the month to implement drastic changes including a transitional government that would redraft Iraq’s dysfunctional political system.

The present impasse pits the emerging coalition against the protest movement, and the situation could boil over and give Al-Sadr the opportunity to turn the game around and resort to whipping up street protests himself again.

At any rate, while Al-Sadr might have made some serious mistakes, it is still too early to write him off. He still enjoys popular support from a mass power-base, is in command of a powerful militia, and controls a huge apparatus in local administrations, key ministries, and the security forces.

Al-Sadr may have proved himself to be a poor student of “revolutionary” politics, but his dismissal will not end the crisis in Iraq. Instead, it will painfully remind Iraqis that only an overall change in regime can end their country’s quagmire.

*A version of this article appears in print in the 6 October, 2022 edition of Al-Ahram Weekly.

The Russian Horn Spreads Her Nukes: Daniel 7

NATO has warned member states that Russia's Belgorod submarine -- the largest in the world and capable of carrying "doomsday" nukes -- has left its base.
NATO has warned member states that Russia’s Belgorod submarine — the largest in the world and capable of carrying “doomsday” nukes — has left its base.

Putin deploys world’s largest submarine with ‘apocalypse’ drone capabilities

Snejana Farberov

October 3, 2022 1:32pm 

NATO intelligence reportedly warning that Putin is mobilizing his K-329 Belgorod nuclear submarine, which threatens to destroy enemy coastlines with radioactive tsunamis

A military train that belongs to the forces responsible for Russia’s nuclear arsenal has been spotted moving toward the front lines in Ukraine, while Moscow was said to have deployed the world’s biggest submarine — capable of carrying “apocalypse” drones.

These latest maneuvers could signal an increasingly desperate Vladimir Putin’s willingness to escalate the war following a series of embarrassing defeats on the battlefield, including the loss of a key city in Donetsk and the most recent setbacks in the Kherson region.

The pro-Russian Telegram channel Rybar shared on Sunday a video showing a freight train hauling upgraded armored personnel carriers (APCs) and other sophisticated military equipment through central Russia, the Daily Mail reported.

The APCs reportedly belong to the secretive 12th Main Directorate of the Russian Ministry of Defense, which is responsible for maintaining the country’s nuclear arsenal.

This screenshot from a video shows a freight train hauling upgraded armored personnel carriers moving through central Russia towards the front lines.
This screenshot from a video shows a freight train hauling upgraded armored personnel carriers moving through central Russia towards the front lines.
The train is allegedly associated with the 12th Main Directorate of the Russian Ministry of Defense, which is responsible for maintaining the country's nuclear arsenal.
The train is allegedly associated with the 12th Main Directorate of the Russian Ministry of Defense, which is responsible for maintaining the country’s nuclear arsenal.

Meanwhile, NATO warned its member states, including the US, that Russia’s Belgorod nuclear submarine has left its base in the Arctic Circle, the Italian newspaper La Repubblica reported.

Measuring more than 600 feet in length, the Belgorod is the largest submarine in the world. It is capable of carrying “doomsday” Poseidon nuclear torpedo drones, which, according to Russia, could trigger 1,600-foot nuclear tsunamis that would inundate coastal cities from hundreds of miles away and render them uninhabitable for decades.

The Belgorod, which only entered the Russian navy’s service in July, is regarded as “the epitome of a new concept of warfare,” and Poseidon is known as the “weapon of the apocalypse.”

“This nuclear ‘mega torpedo’ is unique in the history of the world,” American submarine expert H.I. Sutton wrote on his website Covert Shores in March. “Poseidon is a completely new category of weapon. It will reshape naval planning in both Russia and the West, leading to new requirements and new counter-weapons.”

NATO intelligence reportedly believes that the cutting-edge submarine, officially known as K-329 Belgorod, remains in the Arctic waters and may be on its way to the Kara Sea, off the coast of Russia’s Novaya Zemlya island, to conduct a series of secret tests.

Hans Christensen, director of the Nuclear Information Project at the Federation of American Scientists, noted that Poseidon torpedoes are still in the development stage and won’t be operational for at least the next several years.

The release of the nuclear convoy video and the revelations about the Belgorod submarine’s movements come after Putin made a series of veiled threats to use nuclear weapons in the war, which has been going increasingly poorly for Moscow’s battered forces.

Vladimir Putin has made a series of veiled threats to use nuclear weapons.
Vladimir Putin has made a series of veiled threats to use nuclear weapons.

National security adviser Jake Sullivan and Secretary of State Antony Blinken responded to Putin’s remarks by warning Russia of “catastrophic” consequences if it were to deploy its nuclear arsenal.

In a saber-rattling speech Friday at a ceremony announcing the annexation of four regions of Ukraine, Putin accused the US of creating a “precedent” for using nuclear weapons when it bombed Japan during World War II.377

President Biden later issued a grave warning to Putin, saying that the US and its NATO allies were “fully prepared” to “defend every single inch for NATO territory.”

In an interview on ABC’s “This Week” on Sunday, former CIA Director David Petraeus predicted that if Putin were to deploy nuclear weapons, the US and other NATO members would destroy Russia’s forces and sink the Black Sea fleet.

More Crackdowns in the Iranian Horn

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei

Khamenei Warns Of Further Crackdown As Protests In Iran Over Woman’s Death Continue

Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has blamed foreign influences for unrest that has spread across the country over the death of a young woman while she was in custody for breaking a rule on the wearing of the Islamic head scarf, or hijab, and warned that security forces had his full backing in quelling any dissent.

In his first public reaction to the widespread protests inside Iran, Khamenei on October 3 attributed the demonstrations to America, Israel, and Iranians abroad, whom he called “traitors.”

The death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini “deeply broke my heart,” he said, characterizing it as a “bitter incident.”

Authorities have said Amini died of a heart attack while in custody for “inappropriate attire,” a claim the family and her supporters have vehemently disputed. They say she was in perfect health and that eyewitnesses who saw her arrest last month said she was beaten by security forces.

Amini’s death on September 16 has unleashed a wave of anger over the enforcement of a rule that women must wear a hijab in public, which they say highlights the lack of women’s rights in Iran.

Prior to the demonstrations, unrest had already boiled over several times during a summer of water shortages and poor living conditions that saw labor strife and street protests.

Iranian security have suppressed the latest wave of protests with what eyewitnesses say are heavy-handed tactics.

Khamenei, whose failure to comment on Amini’s death earlier caused speculation about his state of health, signaled the suppression of demonstrations would be ratcheted up if they continue.

U.S. President Joe Biden said the United States would place “further costs” on Iran for its violent crackdown against the nationwide protests.

“This week, the United States will be imposing further costs on perpetrators of violence against peaceful protestors,” Biden said in a statement.“We will continue holding Iranian officials accountable and supporting the rights of Iranians to protest freely.”

A spokesperson for the U.S. State Department said earlier that the United States is “alarmed and appalled by reports of Iranian security authorities attacking and arresting university students engaged in peaceful protests.”

The spokesperson said in an e-mail to RFE/RL that Iran’s talented students “are the very young people who could be the future of Iran, and they are rightly protesting the death of Mahsa Amini, their government’s treatment of women and girls, and the ongoing violent crackdown on peaceful protestors.”

Early on October 3, classes were suspended and moved online at Iran’s Sharif University, a leading higher-education institution and traditionally a hotbed for dissent, after clashes erupted overnight between students and security forces, local media said.

Videos posted on social media showed demonstrations taking place in several universities across the country on the morning of October 3.

At the Isfahan University of Technology, students protested against the repression of Sharif University students in Tehran and supported public protests while chanting for freedom.

Lawyer Mustafa Nili wrote on his Twitter account on October 3 that the security forces attacked a gathering of lawyers in the southern Iranian province of Fars.

According to Nili, the lawyers had gathered in front of the Fars Province Lawyers’ Association to show solidarity with the protesters, but they were dispersed with tear gas and bullets.

The Iranian Teachers’ Union’s Coordination Council issued a statement asking teachers and students to “show their solidarity and support with all the protesters by striking at school and refusing to go to class” on Monday, October 3.

In a statement sent to RFERL’s Radio Farda, the council has invited the military and police forces to be among the people “so that in the near future they will not be shamed by their conscience and the people’s court.”

At the same time, 12 female political prisoners announced that they will protest at Tehran’s notorious Evin prison in support of the battle for women’s rights.

There have also been reports that a number of players and coaches of the Persepolis football team, who took to the field with black armbands in protest against the arrest of their former captain for supporting the protests, have been summoned for meetings with security agencies.

Iranian media reported on September 29 that Hossein Mahini, the retired captain of Iranian soccer giant Persepolis FC, has been arrested on charges of “encouraging riots and sympathizing with the enemy” after he posted content on social media in support of the protesters.

Written by Ardeshir Tayebi based on an original story in Persian by RFE/RL’s Radio Farda

The Antichrist: The true national day of Iraq is liberation from corruption

Al-Sadr: The true national day of Iraq is liberation from corruption


The leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, confirmed that Iraq’s true national day is liberated from corruption and corrupt people.

Al-Sadr said on his Twitter account, which was followed by the Iraqi News Agency (INA), that “today is Iraq’s national day… so Iraq lived free, proud, independent and strong,” noting that “Iraq’s true national day is the day it liberated from corruption and corrupt people, and the day of true reform without dependency, no quotas, not to bring characters back to rule, no corruption, no external interference, no militias.”

He added, “Rather, it is a blessed country, neither eastern nor western, whose light almost shines from the people’s sacrifices and dignity.”

Al-Sadr concluded the tweet by saying, “My homeland, for you from me is a constant love in good times and bad.”