1884 A Forewarning Of The Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

January 20, 2010New York City isn’t immune to earthquakes; a couple of small tremors measuring about 2.5 on the Richter scale even struck back in 2001 and 2002.But on August 10, 1884, a more powerful earthquake hit. Estimated from 4.9 to 5.5 in magnitude, the tremor made houses shake, chimneys fall, and residents wonder what the heck was going on, according to a New York Times article two days later.The quake was subsequently thought to have been centered off Far Rockaway or Coney Island.It wasn’t the first moderate quake, and it won’t be the last. In a 2008 Columbia University study, seismologists reported that the city is crisscrossed with several fault lines, one along 125th Street. With that in mind, New Yorkers should expect a 5.0 or higher earthquake centered here every 100 years, the seismologists say.

Translation: We’re about 30 years overdue. Lucky for us the city adopted earthquake-resistant building codes in 1995.1884 A Forewarning Of The Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12) 1884 A Forewarning Of The Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

The Political Movement of the Antichrist Has Quietly Come to … – Latest Tweet by Reuters

The latest Tweet by Reuters states, ‘The political movement of nationalist Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has quietly come to dominate the apparatus of the Iraqi state, and is poised to be the biggest winner in October’s election …’

(SocialLY brings you all the latest breaking news, viral trends and information from social media world, including Twitter, Instagram and Youtube. The above post is embeded directly from the user’s social media account and LatestLY Staff may not have modified or edited the content body. The views and facts appearing in the social media post do not reflect the opinions of LatestLY, also LatestLY does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.)

The Political Movement of Nationalist Shi’ite Cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr Has Quietly Come to … – Latest Tweet by Reuters

The latest Tweet by Reuters states, ‘The political movement of nationalist Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has quietly come to dominate the apparatus of the Iraqi state, and is poised to be the biggest winner in October’s election …’

SociallyTeam Latestly| Jun 29, 2021 05:06 PM IST

(SocialLY brings you all the latest breaking news, viral trends and information from social media world, including Twitter, Instagram and Youtube. The above post is embeded directly from the user’s social media account and LatestLY Staff may not have modified or edited the content body. The views and facts appearing in the social media post do not reflect the opinions of LatestLY, also LatestLY does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.)

Biden’s great delusion about the Iranian nuclear horn: Daniel 8

Biden declares Iran will never get a nuclear weapon ‘on my watch

The comments came in an Oval Office meeting with Israel’s outgoing president and after the U.S. launched airstrikes on Iranian-linked facilities.

By November 2020, Iran had surpassed previous limits on low-enriched uranium, according to the United Nations nuclear watchdog.

Rivlin is the first high-ranking Israeli official to meet with Biden at the White House, and will meet with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other congressional leaders before he leaves office in early July. Biden said he planned to soon host the new Israeli prime minister, Naftali Bennett, who took office earlier this month.

The Israeli Parliament on June 13 narrowly approved a new coalition government in a 60-59 vote, ousting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu after a historic 12 years of leadership. The vote marked the end of a two-year cycle in which the country held four elections, with votes focused on Netanyahu’s fitness to remain prime minister as he faced corruption charges. Netanyahu’s critics have cast him as a polarizing leader who deepened divides in Israeli society, including tensions between Jews and Arabs. 

Bennett now oversees the new fragile coalition, a patchwork of eight parties — with deep-seated ideological divisions — that could crumble if any members decided to depart. Bennett’s party holds just six seats out of 120 in Parliament. 

Political centrist Yair Lapid, the main force behind the coalition, agreed with Bennett that he would rotate to take over as prime minister in two years — if the government still remains. 

Biden was quick to congratulate the new government and said he looked forward to working with Bennett. He said the administration was committed to working with the new government to “advance security, stability, and peace for Israelis, Palestinians, and people throughout the broader region.”

Myah Ward contributed to this report.

New semi-autonomous robot to be deployed outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

The Jaguar traversing through the land (photo credit: IDF SPOKESMAN’S UNIT)

New semi-autonomous robot to be deployed to Gaza border

The Jaguar is equipped with dozens of sensors, an automated driving system and advanced fire capabilities.

The IDF’s Gaza division will soon deploy a new semi-autonomous robotic ground vehicle called the Jaguar along the border with the Gaza Strip, replacing soldiers along the border where they could be targets by Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad.Developed over the past year and half by Israel Aerospace Industries in close cooperation with the technological department of the IDF’s Ground Forces Command, it is currently being integrated into the Gaza division.

The Jaguar is equipped with dozens of sensors, an automated driving system, and advanced fire capabilities.

Based on a six-wheeled chassis, it is equipped with a 7.62mm MAG machine gun that can be operated remotely against suspicious objects or people, both while stationary or on the move.

The Jaguar uses high-resolution cameras, dozens of sensors, transmitters and a remote-controlled PA system, and is powered by an electric motor that allows it to patrol the border fence with a low heat signature.

It also has the ability to transmit its precise location to a UAV so that it can be destroyed from the air should it fall into enemy hands.

With IDF observers and commanders in full operational control, the robot can compute a route for itself and then drive itself to the destination. Using its advanced driving system, the Jaguar can also spot and bypass obstacles in its way.

The Jaguar robot traversing the land. (Credit: IDF Spokesperson's Unit)

“We have led a groundbreaking technological development – an independent robot that reduces the combat soldier’s friction with the enemy and prevents risks to human life,” Lt.-Col. Nathan Kuperstein, Head of Autonomy and Robotics at the IDF’s Land Technology Division was quoted by the military as saying. “It even knows how to charge itself – almost like an iRobot.”

The Jaguar can be used for a wide range of missions including intelligence, surveillance and armed reconnaissance as well as convoy protection, decoy and attack roles.

By using the robot instead of soldiers, it “thus reduces the risk to human life,” the IDF said in a statement, adding that “the Jaguar is one of the most innovative ground robots of the ‘smart and deadly’ border project in the northern division of the Gaza Strip.”During  Operation Guardian of the Walls, last month, the IDF relied heavily on robots and machine learning, calling the fighting the first “Artificial Intelligence War.”

“For the first time, artificial intelligence was a key component and power multiplier in fighting the enemy,” a senior IDF officer told reporters in May. “This is a first-of-its-kind campaign for the IDF – we implemented new methods of operation and used technological developments that were a force multiplier for the entire IDF.”

As part of the Momentum multi-year program, the Israeli military has been focusing on turning the military into a deadly, hi-tech force, and has invested a significant portion of the military’s plans on innovation and advanced technology.

The IDF’s Combat and Innovation Methods Division was opened last year and is leading plans for developing future weapons systems in order to meet threats the military will likely face in the future.

Hamas And Islamic Jihad Summer Camps Outside the Temple Walls: Revelation 11

Hamas And Islamic Jihad Summer Camps In Gaza: A Framework For Jihadi Indoctrination, Military Training

June 28, 2021Palestine | Special Dispatch No. 9417

For over ten years, summer camps for children and teens held in Hamas-controlled Gaza have served as a framework for inculcating an extremist ideology that glorifies jihad, terror and armed struggle against Israel with the aim of “liberating Palestine from the river to the sea.” The camps, most of which are operated by Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), also provide military training, such as practice with knives and firearms (in some cases with live ammunition); hand-to-hand combat; marching and foot drills, obstacle courses and tunnel combat. Campers also stage plays and enact scenes of fighting and capturing Israeli soldiers or firing rockets into Israel. Many activities are themed around the liberation of Palestine,  Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa, or deal with commemorating and glorifying terrorists.

Recruitment and registration for the camps is carried out via the Hamas and PIJ websites and social media, and at booths manned by Hamas and PIJ operatives at mosques and other public spaces across the Gaza Strip. Hamas and PIJ officials attend the camps’ opening and graduation ceremonies and deliver speeches there.

Over the years, MEMRI has published reports and videos documenting the summer camps and their activities, as well as statements by Hamas and PIJ officials describing their character and goals.[1] 

Teens training at Hamas and PIJ camps (Sources: Tlae3Camps.ps, June 27, 2021; paltoday.ps, June 26, 2021)

This year’s summer camps started this week. The following are details about them and photos from their first days of activity. 

Military Training At Summer Camps Operated By Hamas’ Military Wing

Registration for Hamas’ “Pioneers of Liberation” camps, operated by the organization’s military wing, the ‘Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, was held on June 14-18, 2021.  This year’s camps have been dubbed “Sword of Jerusalem,” which is Hamas’ name for its latest round of fighting with Israel, in May 2021. There are camps for four age groups: junior high school students, high school students,  university students and older adults. According to the Telegram channel of the ‘Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, “the goal of the camps is to fan the flames of jihad among the generation of liberation, instill Islamic values and prepare the long-awaited army for the liberation of Palestine.”[2] 

Registration booth for the “Pioneers of Liberation – Sword of Jerusalem camps” (Source: T.me/Tlae3Camps, June 17, 2021)

The spokesperson for the Hamas summer camps, “Abu Bilal,” announced the opening of the camps at a June 26, 2021 press conference, and stressed that the Al-Qassam Brigades have held the “Pioneers of Liberation” camps for about a decade “out of belief in the role of the young people and a sense of responsibility for the [younger] generation.” He added that “the young people have [always] been the ones to carry out armed operations, and were the fuel of the intifadas and uprisings, including the Al-Quds Intifada [of 2015-2016],[3] the Marches of Return [on the Gaza border in 2018-2019][4] and the recent uprising at Al-Aqsa [in May 2021].”  Abu Bilal stated further that the Al-Qassam’s summer camps have several goals, including “instilling Islamic values and national values in the young people, as well as a spirit of faith in Allah, courage, hope, honor, a sense of belonging to this sacred land [Palestine] and readiness for the stage of liberation and return.” The Al-Qassam Brigades, he elaborated, want to provide Palestinians of all ages with “a basic [level of] military training and skill with light weapons, just like all the peoples that have suffered occupation.”[5]

In a promotional video posted June 25 by the Al-Qassam Brigades on Telegram, Hamas’s “Pioneers of Liberation” campers, wearing Hamas military fatigues, practice shooting anti-tank missiles at an Israeli bus and tank, infiltrating an IDF outpost, and liberating the Al-Aqsa Mosque, among other simulated military training activities. To view the video, click on the player below:


After the camps started, the Al-Qassam website posted many photos from their first day:[6]

Operatives of Hamas’ military wing, the Al-Qassam Brigades, greet the campers

Weapons and combat training under the tutelage of Al-Qassam operatives

Campers train using a shooting simulator

Campers carry out close order drills and run obstacle courses

Military Training At Summer Camps Operated By The PIJ Military Wing

Registration for the summer camps run by the PIJ military wing, the Al-Quds Brigades, was held on June 17-22, 2021 in mosques across the Gaza Strip. The name given to these summer camps was similar to that of the Hamas camps: “Sword of Jerusalem – The Promise Draws Near.”[7] Intended for teens aged 14-17, they will be held between June 26 and July 15.[8] The spokesperson for the PIJ summer camps, Ahmad Al-Ra’i , explained that teens of these ages need to be “purged” of “distorted” values and imbued with values of “patriotism, jihad and resistance.” He added that the Al-Quds Brigades had been surprised by the turnout, which “far exceeded” the expected number (10,000), and that the activities at the camps would include “culture and entertainment; jihad, military and security activities; combat and self-defense [training], as well as lessons on shari’a, religion and jihad.” The religion, culture and indoctrination activities, he explained, will be held in mosques, whereas the other activities will be held at PIJ military camps, where participants will be “familiarized with military culture and jihadi and military activity and with the stages of the Al-Quds Brigades’ operations, and given basic military training in [the use of] firearms and in self-defense.”[9]

PIJ political bureau member Khader Habib explained at a press conference that the objective of the camps is “to prepare a generation of resistance raised to liberate and conquer the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque  from the Israeli occupation and to remove the alien corn [i.e., Israel] that was planted by the West and took over Palestine… [The goal is] to prepare the generation of victory, so that it will launch the campaign to [liberate] Jerusalem, which is a campaign of the [entire] Arab and Islamic nation… Our [Palestinian] people is the spearhead of the struggle against the Zionist enterprise…”[10]

PIJ official Khader Habib at the camps’ opening ceremony (Source: Paltoday.ps, June 26, 2021)

The following are photos of the first day at the PIJ summer camps:[11]

The campers run a military-style obstacle course:

Military training with smoke and fire:

Practicing “tunnel combat”:

[1] For information on previous Hamas and PIJ summer camps, see MEMRI reports:

Special Dispatch No. 9411 – Hamas’ Camps For Children And Youth – A Means Of Indoctrination For Jihad And Martyrdom, Imparting Military Skills – June 24, 2021;

Special Dispatch No. 8242 – Blog Post On Website Of Qatar’s Al-Jazeera Network Praises Hamas Summer Camps And Its Efforts To ‘Raise A Generation That Believes In The Duty Of Jihad’ – August 26, 2019.

Special Reports – Hamas Military Wing ‘Izz Al-‎Din Al-Qassam Brigades Launches Facebook Page For Its ‘Liberation Vanguards’ Military Summer Camps – July 22, 2019.

Special Dispatch No. 6151 – Hamas Summer Camp Graduation in Gaza: Teen Cadets Demonstrate Military Training, “Capture” Israeli Soldier – July 31, 2017;

Special Dispatch No. 6145 – Hamas Military Wing Summer Camp: Teens Enact Scenes from Al-Aqsa Mosque Standoff, “Kill” Israeli Soldiers, “Liberate” Al-Aqsa Mosque – July 19, 2017;Special Dispatch No. 7046 – Motto Of Hamas Summer Camps This Year: ‘Marching On Jerusalem’; Their Goal: To Train The Generation That Will Liberate Palestine, Jerusalem – August 8, 2017;Special Dispatch No. 6560 – Al-Quds Intifada Summer Camps In Gaza Offer Training In Stabbing, Firearms, Tunnel Combat – August 8, 2016;

Special Dispatch No. 5025 – Hamas Summer Camps in Gaza Train Youth in Warfare, Instill Spirit of Jihad – July 27, 2015;

Special Dispatch No. 6093 – Intense Campaign By Hamas’s Military Wing To Recruit Youths For Its Summer Camps – July 6, 2015;

Special Dispatch No. 5778 – Hamas Summer Camps: Liberating Palestine With Rockets, Rifles, And Pistols – July 24, 2014;

Special Dispatch No. 5339 – Motto Of Hamas’s Summer Camps In Gaza This Year: ‘The Generation Of Return‘ – June 18, 2013;

Special Dispatch No. 5333 – In Islamic Jihad Summer Camp In Gaza, Boys Practice Kidnapping Soldiers And Firing Guns Using Live Ammunition – June 13, 2013.

[2] T.me/Tlae3Camps, alqassam.ps, June 13, 2021.

[3] On this terror wave see MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 6627 – Wave Of Incitement On Palestinian Social Media Pages Following Recent Spike In Attacks On Israelis – September 26, 2016.

[4] On these marches see MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 7476 – The ‘Great Return March’ Campaign: An Initiative Sponsored By Hamas, Whose Goal Was To Breach The Border Fence, Penetrate Israeli Territory – May 18, 2018.

[5] T.me/Tlae3Camps, alqassam.ps, June 26, 2021.

[6] Al-Qassam.ps, June 26-27, 2021.

[7] The name is a reference to the latest round of fighting with Israel and also to Quran 21:97, which states that “the time for the fulfilment of the true promise of Allah [i.e., the Day of Judgement] draws near.”

[8] Paltoday.ps, June 17, 2021.

[9] Paltoday.ps, June 25, 2021.

[10] Paltoday.ps, June 26, 2021.

[11] Paltoday.ps, June 26, 2021.

U.S. strikes on Iran-backed militias may destroy the nuclear deal

Iranian President-elect Ebrahim Raisi during his first news conference in Tehran on June 21. 

U.S. strikes on Iran-backed militias test Ebrahim Raisi and nuclear talks

  • Iranian President-elect Ebrahim Raisi during his first news conference in Tehran on June 21. | AFP-JIJI

The latest U.S. airstrikes on Iranian-backed militia groups come at a delicate time for Washington and Tehran, with a conservative president-elect in Iran and talks expected to restart shortly on reviving a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.

U.S. President Joe Biden ordered strikes on “operational and weapons storage facilities at two locations in Syria and one location in Iraq” on Sunday evening Washington time to deter future attacks on U.S. interests in Iraq, where the U.S. is aiding government forces in efforts to defeat Islamic State, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said.

Kirby’s statement made clear that Iran was the common denominator in the targets but also that the U.S. move was meant to be defensive in nature.

“Given the ongoing series of attacks by Iran-backed groups targeting U.S. interests in Iraq, the president directed further military action to disrupt and deter such attacks,” Kirby said. “The United States took necessary, appropriate and deliberate action designed to limit the risk of escalation — but also to send a clear and unambiguous deterrent message.”

The strikes could mark an early test for Iranian President-elect Ebrahim Raisi, who takes office in August and has been seen as a harder-line leader than departing President Hassan Rouhani. Yet the fact that the U.S. hit Iranian proxies outside the country could give both sides plausible deniability to avoid escalating tensions.

Even before the military strikes, indirect talks in Vienna aimed at getting the U.S. and Iran back into compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal — the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action — were already dragging past initial timetables. The negotiations took a pause for Iran’s elections earlier this month and weren’t expected to restart until early July.

It wasn’t immediately clear if the airstrikes would force a postponement in those meetings, but it’s not the first time the Biden administration has carried out such a move. His first military action as president in February involved airstrikes in eastern Syria on sites connected to Iranian-backed groups after a series of rocket attacks on facilities in Iraq used by the U.S., including one that killed a contractor working with the U.S.-led coalition in the country.

Whatever Raisi’s calculus as president-elect, the latest U.S. strikes and the ones in February are likely to be far less provocative than then-President Donald Trump’s move to kill a top Iranian general, Qassem Soleimani, outside Baghdad’s airport in early 2020. That move sparked fears of a resurgence of Iranian-sponsored terrorist activities or even a broader war between Iran and the U.S.

Now the bigger risk may be to the timetable for the nuclear talks. Even before the latest military tensions, Iran had missed a deadline to renew its temporary atomic-monitoring pact with international inspectors, raising the prospect that it could delete sensitive enrichment information and complicating the broader negotiations in Vienna.

The government in Tehran has yet to inform monitors whether it will renew the agreement after earlier saying it would make a decision following the pact’s expiration at midnight on Thursday. Iran let a previous deadline lapse by 24 hours last month before agreeing to extend the pact, which preserves video and enrichment data captured at Iranian nuclear installations.

Intrusive inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency were originally seen as the centerpiece of Iran’s landmark 2015 agreement with world powers, which verifiably rolled back its nuclear activities in exchange for sanctions relief. Though he is weeks from officially taking power, Raisi last week demanded an end to U.S. sanctions on his country and Washington’s fully compliant return to the 2015 nuclear accord.

U.S. officials say Iran, which has been enriching uranium beyond levels agreed to in the nuclear deal, should take the first step to return to compliance.

The U.S. strikes could temporarily stifle criticism — mostly among Republicans — that the Biden administration’s efforts to reach a new agreement with Iran represent a capitulation to the Islamic Republic after years in which Trump ramped up pressure on Tehran.

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken is in Italy and will likely face questions about the U.S. actions and potential repercussions following meetings with officials there. Over the weekend, Blinken met with Israel’s foreign minister, Yair Lapid, who said his country has “serious reservations” about the talks in Vienna.

Russia encounters the British nuclear horn in the Black Sea: Daniel 7

Sailing Into Troubled Waters. Russia Counters Britain in the Black Sea

No one in Moscow expects the West to accept Russia’s sovereignty over Crimea in the foreseeable future. However, dismissing the reality carries a price one should understand before taking the risk of actually having to fight.

12 hours ago

The U.K.-Russia incident off the Crimea coast highlights Britain’s new role in the international system. It features the newly baptized “Global Britain” as a proactive member of the U.S.-led coalition that seeks to reassert the West’s global leadership against the challenge of China and the actions of Russia. In doing so, London is willing to go to the edge and take non-negligible risks.

Before, as in Afghanistan and Iraq, the United Kingdom was the first responder to U.S. calls for joint action. Now, Britain has demonstrated that in some cases it can lead the way. Until this week, Russia’s sovereignty in Crimea had been directly challenged only in 2018 by Ukrainian navy boats sent by then president Petro Poroshenko from Odessa to the Sea of Azov. Now, the message of non-recognition of Russia’s incorporation of Crimea was delivered by HMS Defender, which sailed into the 12-mile territorial waters not far from Sevastopol. This potentially presages a new, riskier level of confrontation.

The current incident is more serious than the 2018 one not only because of who the challenger is, but also because of when the challenge was made. London’s apparent testing of the Kremlin’s red lines came less than a week after the meeting in Geneva between Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President Joe Biden. In response, Russian forces sailed and flew close to the British ship, fired warning shots, and —according to the Russian defense ministry — dropped bombs to make HMS Defender change course.

A BBC report from aboard the ship indicated that the ship’s crew had been ready from the start for some sort of a physical clash with the Russian forces. The Russian interpretation of this fact is that HMS Defender’s mission was a premeditated provocation, designed to make the Russians use force to dispel the new “spirit of Geneva,” but the motivation for the voyage was probably to dismiss rather than test Russia’s red lines. The situation should become clearer as developments unfold: will this week’s incident remain a one-off event, or will similar attempts be made in the future?

Simply put, fresh attempts to expose Russian “red line” deterrence as hollow — whether on the ground, in the air, or at sea — would push Moscow to defend what it cannot give up without losing its self-respect. This would almost inevitably lead to clashes and casualties, which would carry the risk of further escalation.

Should this happen, Russia-NATO confrontation would deteriorate literally to the point of brinkmanship, a truly bleak scenario. Red lines, of course, are not there to be accepted, merely acknowledged. No one in Moscow expects the West to accept Russia’s sovereignty over Crimea in the foreseeable future. However, dismissing the reality carries a price one should understand before taking the risk of actually having to fight.

Britain has fewer reservations about confronting Russia than some other European NATO member states. The recent UK national security strategy is candid in naming Russia the main security threat to Britain and the West. Thus, U.K.-Russia relations, in an increasingly deeper freeze for the past decade and a half, are possibly moving to a hot zone.

The location of the incident with HMS Defender — not far from Sevastopol — readily brings back memories of the Crimean War, itself part of the bitter Great Game, a hybrid rivalry between two empires across Eurasia. Those days are gone forever, but the fighting spirit is alive and well on both sides.

In the 2020s, the risks of war between the major powers are higher than they were a half-century ago. Presidents Biden and Putin, by reasserting the maxim that nuclear war can never be won and should never be fought, rightly focused on strategic stability issues. But there is more to stability than strategic nuclear weapons and cybersecurity.

One likely path to war in the XXI century is an inadvertent escalation arising out of an incident, e.g., in the Baltic and the Black Sea, or local conflict, such as in Donbas, that gets out of hand. Even as efforts are made to better manage or even somewhat regulate U.S.-Russian confrontation, preventing dangerous encounters between Russian and NATO countries’ forces should be the absolute top priority for both sides.

This article was first published by the Carnegie Moscow Center.

Columbia University Warns Of Sixth Seal (Revelation 6:12)

    Earthquakes May Endanger New York More Than Thought, Says Study
A study by a group of prominent seismologists suggests that a pattern of subtle but active faults makes the risk of earthquakes to the New York City area substantially greater than formerly believed. Among other things, they say that the controversial Indian Point nuclear power plants, 24 miles north of the city, sit astride the previously unidentified intersection of two active seismic zones. The paper appears in the current issue of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.
Many faults and a few mostly modest quakes have long been known around New York City, but the research casts them in a new light. The scientists say the insight comes from sophisticated analysis of past quakes, plus 34 years of new data on tremors, most of them perceptible only by modern seismic instruments. The evidence charts unseen but potentially powerful structures whose layout and dynamics are only now coming clearer, say the scientists. All are based at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, which runs the network of seismometers that monitors most of the northeastern United States.
Lead author Lynn R. Sykes said the data show that large quakes are infrequent around New Yorkcompared to more active areas like California and Japan, but that the risk is high, because of the overwhelming concentration of people and infrastructure. “The research raises the perception both of how common these events are, and, specifically, where they may occur,” he said. “It’s an extremely populated area with very large assets.” Sykes, who has studied the region for four decades, is known for his early role in establishing the global theory of plate tectonics.
The authors compiled a catalog of all 383 known earthquakes from 1677 to 2007 in a 15,000-square-mile area around New York City. Coauthor John Armbruster estimated sizes and locations of dozens of events before 1930 by combing newspaper accounts and other records. The researchers say magnitude 5 quakes—strong enough to cause damage–occurred in 1737, 1783 and 1884. There was little settlement around to be hurt by the first two quakes, whose locations are vague due to a lack of good accounts; but the last, thought to be centered under the seabed somewhere between Brooklyn and Sandy Hook, toppled chimneys across the city and New Jersey, and panicked bathers at Coney Island. Based on this, the researchers say such quakes should be routinely expected, on average, about every 100 years. “Today, with so many more buildings and people, a magnitude 5 centered below the city would be extremely attention-getting,” said Armbruster. “We’d see billions in damage, with some brick buildings falling. People would probably be killed.”
Starting in the early 1970s Lamont began collecting data on quakes from dozens of newly deployed seismometers; these have revealed further potential, including distinct zones where earthquakes concentrate, and where larger ones could come. The Lamont network, now led by coauthor Won-Young Kim, has located hundreds of small events, including a magnitude 3 every few years, which can be felt by people at the surface, but is unlikely to cause damage. These small quakes tend to cluster along a series of small, old faults in harder rocks across the region. Many of the faults were discovered decades ago when subways, water tunnels and other excavations intersected them, but conventional wisdom said they were inactive remnants of continental collisions and rifting hundreds of millions of years ago. The results clearly show that they are active, and quite capable of generating damaging quakes, said Sykes.
One major previously known feature, the Ramapo Seismic Zone, runs from eastern Pennsylvania to the mid-Hudson Valley, passing within a mile or two northwest of Indian Point. The researchers found that this system is not so much a single fracture as a braid of smaller ones, where quakes emanate from a set of still ill-defined faults. East and south of the Ramapo zone—and possibly more significant in terms of hazard–is a set of nearly parallel northwest-southeast faults. These include Manhattan’s 125th Street fault, which seems to have generated two small 1981 quakes, and could have been the source of the big 1737 quake; the Dyckman Street fault, which carried a magnitude 2 in 1989; the Mosholu Parkway fault; and the Dobbs Ferry fault in suburban Westchester, which generated the largest recent shock, a surprising magnitude 4.1, in 1985. Fortunately, it did no damage. Given the pattern, Sykes says the big 1884 quake may have hit on a yet-undetected member of this parallel family further south.
The researchers say that frequent small quakes occur in predictable ratios to larger ones, and so can be used to project a rough time scale for damaging events. Based on the lengths of the faults, the detected tremors, and calculations of how stresses build in the crust, the researchers say that magnitude 6 quakes, or even 7—respectively 10 and 100 times bigger than magnitude 5–are quite possible on the active faults they describe. They calculate that magnitude 6 quakes take place in the area about every 670 years, and sevens, every 3,400 years. The corresponding probabilities of occurrence in any 50-year period would be 7% and 1.5%. After less specific hints of these possibilities appeared in previous research, a 2003 analysis by The New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation put the cost of quakes this size in the metro New York area at $39 billion to $197 billion. A separate 2001 analysis for northern New Jersey’s Bergen County estimates that a magnitude 7 would destroy 14,000 buildings and damage 180,000 in that area alone. The researchers point out that no one knows when the last such events occurred, and say no one can predict when they next might come.
“We need to step backward from the simple old model, where you worry about one large, obvious fault, like they do in California,” said coauthor Leonardo Seeber. “The problem here comes from many subtle faults. We now see there is earthquake activity on them. Each one is small, but when you add them up, they are probably more dangerous than we thought. We need to take a very close look.” Seeber says that because the faults are mostly invisible at the surface and move infrequently, a big quake could easily hit one not yet identified. “The probability is not zero, and the damage could be great,” he said. “It could be like something out of a Greek myth.”
The researchers found concrete evidence for one significant previously unknown structure: an active seismic zone running at least 25 miles from Stamford, Conn., to the Hudson Valley town of Peekskill, N.Y., where it passes less than a mile north of the Indian Point nuclear power plant. The Stamford-Peekskill line stands out sharply on the researchers’ earthquake map, with small events clustered along its length, and to its immediate southwest. Just to the north, there are no quakes, indicating that it represents some kind of underground boundary. It is parallel to the other faults beginning at 125th Street, so the researchers believe it is a fault in the same family. Like the others, they say it is probably capable of producing at least a magnitude 6 quake. Furthermore, a mile or so on, it intersects the Ramapo seismic zone.
Sykes said the existence of the Stamford-Peekskill line had been suggested before, because the Hudson takes a sudden unexplained bend just ot the north of Indian Point, and definite traces of an old fault can be along the north side of the bend. The seismic evidence confirms it, he said. “Indian Point is situated at the intersection of the two most striking linear features marking the seismicity and also in the midst of a large population that is at risk in case of an accident,” says the paper. “This is clearly one of the least favorable sites in our study area from an earthquake hazard and risk perspective.”
The findings comes at a time when Entergy, the owner of Indian Point, is trying to relicense the two operating plants for an additional 20 years—a move being fought by surrounding communities and the New York State Attorney General. Last fall the attorney general, alerted to the then-unpublished Lamont data, told a Nuclear Regulatory Commission panel in a filing: “New data developed in the last 20 years disclose a substantially higher likelihood of significant earthquake activity in the vicinity of [Indian Point] that could exceed the earthquake design for the facility.” The state alleges that Entergy has not presented new data on earthquakes past 1979. However, in a little-noticed decision this July 31, the panel rejected the argument on procedural grounds. A source at the attorney general’s office said the state is considering its options.
The characteristics of New York’s geology and human footprint may increase the problem. Unlike in California, many New York quakes occur near the surface—in the upper mile or so—and they occur not in the broken-up, more malleable formations common where quakes are frequent, but rather in the extremely hard, rigid rocks underlying Manhattan and much of the lower Hudson Valley. Such rocks can build large stresses, then suddenly and efficiently transmit energy over long distances. “It’s like putting a hard rock in a vise,” said Seeber. “Nothing happens for a while. Then it goes with a bang.” Earthquake-resistant building codes were not introduced to New York City until 1995, and are not in effect at all in many other communities. Sinuous skyscrapers and bridges might get by with minimal damage, said Sykes, but many older, unreinforced three- to six-story brick buildings could crumble.
Art Lerner-Lam, associate director of Lamont for seismology, geology and tectonophysics, pointed out that the region’s major highways including the New York State Thruway, commuter and long-distance rail lines, and the main gas, oil and power transmission lines all cross the parallel active faults, making them particularly vulnerable to being cut. Lerner-Lam, who was not involved in the research, said that the identification of the seismic line near Indian Point “is a major substantiation of a feature that bears on the long-term earthquake risk of the northeastern United States.” He called for policymakers to develop more information on the region’s vulnerability, to take a closer look at land use and development, and to make investments to strengthen critical infrastructure.
“This is a landmark study in many ways,” said Lerner-Lam. “It gives us the best possible evidence that we have an earthquake hazard here that should be a factor in any planning decision. It crystallizes the argument that this hazard is not random. There is a structure to the location and timing of the earthquakes. This enables us to contemplate risk in an entirely different way. And since we are able to do that, we should be required to do that.”
New York Earthquake Briefs and Quotes:
Existing U.S. Geological Survey seismic hazard maps show New York City as facing more hazard than many other eastern U.S. areas. Three areas are somewhat more active—northernmost New York State, New Hampshire and South Carolina—but they have much lower populations and fewer structures. The wider forces at work include pressure exerted from continuing expansion of the mid-Atlantic Ridge thousands of miles to the east; slow westward migration of the North American continent; and the area’s intricate labyrinth of old faults, sutures and zones of weakness caused by past collisions and rifting.
Due to New York’s past history, population density and fragile, interdependent infrastructure, a 2001 analysis by the Federal Emergency Management Agency ranks it the 11th most at-risk U.S. city for earthquake damage. Among those ahead: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle and Portland. Behind: Salt Lake City, Sacramento, Anchorage.
New York’s first seismic station was set up at Fordham University in the 1920s. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, in Palisades, N.Y., has operated stations since 1949, and now coordinates a network of about 40.
Dozens of small quakes have been felt in the New York area. A Jan. 17, 2001 magnitude 2.4, centered  in the Upper East Side—the first ever detected in Manhattan itself–may have originated on the 125th Street fault. Some people thought it was an explosion, but no one was harmed.
The most recent felt quake, a magnitude 2.1 on July 28, 2008, was centered near Milford, N.J. Houses shook and a woman at St. Edward’s Church said she felt the building rise up under her feet—but no damage was done.
Questions about the seismic safety of the Indian Point nuclear power plant, which lies amid a metropolitan area of more than 20 million people, were raised in previous scientific papers in 1978 and 1985.
Because the hard rocks under much of New York can build up a lot strain before breaking, researchers believe that modest faults as short as 1 to 10 kilometers can cause magnitude 5 or 6 quakes.
In general, magnitude 3 quakes occur about 10 times more often than magnitude fours; 100 times more than magnitude fives; and so on. This principle is called the Gutenberg-Richter relationship.

US Strikes the Iranian Nuclear Horn: Daniel

The strikes came at the direction of President Joe Biden
The strikes came at the direction of President Joe Biden

US air strikes kill Iran-backed militia fighters in Syria and Iraq

Campbell MacDiarmidSun, June 27, 2021, 6:15 PM·4 min readIn this article:

The United States bombed Iran-backed Iraqi militia targets on the Syrian-Iraq border overnight Monday, in response to drone attacks against American targets in Iraq.

In the second such strike since the inauguration of President Joe Biden in January, the US military said it targeted militia operational and weapons storage facilities at two locations in Syria and one in Iraq.

US defence spokesman John Kirby said that the targets had been used by “Iran-backed militias that are engaged in unmanned aerial vehicle attacks against US personnel and facilities in Iraq.”

One of the facilities targeted had been used to launch and recover the drones, a defence official said.

Kataeb Hezbollah and Kataeb Sayyid al-Shuhada, two Iraqi armed factions with close ties to Tehran, were among the “several Iran-backed militia groups” that had used the facilities, Mr Kirby said.

Pro-Iran Iraqi paramilitary groups promised retaliation after naming four members of the Kataeb Sayyid al-Shuhada militia as being killed in the attack.

President Biden ordered the strikes in response to increasingly frequent and sophisticated attacks on US interests in Iraq. Washington believes the attacks are carried out at the behest of Tehran to increase pressure on Washington amid ongoing negotiations over a potential return to the 2015 nuclear deal.

Washington and Tehran are currently engaged in indirect negotiations over salvaging the agreement between Iran and world powers that former US president Donald Trump abandoned in 2018.

The United States and France warned Iran over the weekend that time was running out to return to the nuclear deal, as concerns grow about Iran’s atomic programming advancing in the meanwhile.

The latest strike suggests the Biden administration is seeking to compartmentalise the ongoing negotiations from wider US responses to Iranian activity and against Iranian proxies.

“The United States took necessary, appropriate, and deliberate action designed to limit the risk of escalation but also to send a clear and unambiguous deterrent message,” Mr Kirby said.

Iran responded with an apparent implied threat, calling on the United States to avoid “creating crisis” in the region.

“Certainly what the United States is doing is disrupting security in the region, and one of the victims of this disruption will be the United States,” Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said on Monday.

The aftermath of US airstrikes on a small group of buildings at an unofficial crossing at the Syria-Iraq border in February - AFP
The aftermath of US airstrikes on a small group of buildings at an unofficial crossing at the Syria-Iraq border in February – AFP

Since late 2019, Iran-backed Iraqi militias have conducted over 300 attacks against US interests in Iraq, causing four US fatalities and about 25 other casualties, according to a Defense Intelligence Agency assessment published in April.

“Iran remains capable of influencing the frequency and intensity of attacks by these groups against US interests in Iraq,” the agency assessed.

President Biden last ordered strikes on Irqi militia targets in Syria in February in response to rocket attacks in Iraq. The February strikes reportedly killed about 20 militiamen, according to a UK-based Syrian war monitor.

Approximately 2,500 US troops remain in Iraq as part of an international coalition against Islamic State group.

There have been at least 40 attacks on US interests in Iraq this year, some of which have been claimed by pro-Iran militias which oppose any US military presence in Iraq and Syria.

Most of the attacks have been against logistics convoys, with 14 rocket attacks against bases hosting US and other foreign personnel.

There have also been at least five attacks by explosive-laden drones since April, two US officials told Reuters. The drone attacks, which are more precise than rocket strikes, have been carefully calibrated to limit damage and casualties that could lead to a wider escalation between Iran and the United States.

The US military believes that drone attacks are now among the most serious threats faced by American troops in Iraq and Syria. The low-flying drones are able to evade detection by American defences installed to counter rocket, artillery and mortar attacks.

The top American commander for the Middle East Marine Gen Frank McKenzie told reporters in May of the growing threat posed by the drones, which are cheap and likely supplied by Iran.

“We’re working very hard to find technical fixes that would allow us to be more effective drones,” Gen McKenzie said at the time, outlining an accelerated programme to combat their threat.

In April a drone dropped explosives near US forces stationed at Erbil airport, causing no casualties but damaging a building. A drone attack in May damaged a hangar at Ain al-Asad base in Anbar province, which houses US Reaper drones. Three days later another drone hit an airfield in Harir in northern Iraq that is used by the US Joint Special Operations Command.

Last week the US seized a number of Iranian state-linked news websites, accusing them of spreading disinformation, shortly after the hardline head of Iran’s judiciary Ebrahim Raisi won presidential elections.

The seized sites included those belonging to the Iranian Islamic Radio and Television Union, which US authorities last year accused of a disinformation campaign to sow discord ahead of the US presidential election, as well as the website site for the pro-Iranian Iraqi militia, Kataeb Hizbollah.

Antichrist demands dismissal of electricity minister

Sadr demands dismissal of electricity minister

Sura Ali@Sura_Ali_Naser

Iraqi cleric Muqtada Sadr delivers a statement in which he backed early elections overseen by the United Nations in Najaf, on 10 February 2021. Photo: AFP via Getty Images/ Ali Najafi

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region — A close associate of prominent Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, Salih Muhammad al-Iraqi, launched a hashtag on Twitter on Sunday calling for the “immediate” dismissal of the minister of electricity, minutes after Sadr’s tweet demanded the minister’s removal due to the deteriorating condition of electricity services.

In a series of tweets, Sadr attributed the poor electric service in Iraq to several causes, the most prominent of which he said was corruption that leads to the waste of electric power. 

Sadr said in a tweet there was an emergency line that provides power at all times to politicians and the affluent. He blamed the poor geographical distribution of power stations and the corruption of the authorities and employees in electrical stations for the difficulties in providing electric power to the general public. 

Sadr also demanded the dismissal of the current Minister of Electricity, Majid Hantoush

“We will not remain silent about this obvious failure, and we will take a stand,” Sadr warned. 

The Iraqi Ministry of Electricity signed a contract on Thursday with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to produce solar energy, the chairman of the Ministerial Council for Energy confirmed in a statement shared by Iraq’s oil ministry. 

The deal, made with the UAE-based Masdar Company, will generate 2000 megawatts of electricity through solar energy projects in central and southern Iraq.

Electricity provision is a problem across Iraq, particularly in the summer months. Power lines are frequently subjected to attacks, usually blamed on the Islamic State (ISIS). Iraq has long suffered from chronic outages and electricity shortages. Such shortages have in past years been a rallying call for protesters, most notably in the summer of 2018.

Sadr has been a vocal supporter of reform and anti-corruption campaigns for years. When anti-government protests broke out in October 2019, he sent members of his Saraya al-Salam militia to protect the demonstrators. But Sadr changed his position later, and his militias were involved in the suppression of the protests.