Indian Point is NOT radiologically ready for the Sixth Seal (Rev 6:12)


With Indian Point, are you radiologically ready?

By Thomas Slater Emergency Preparedness Coordinator

August 23rd, 2018 | NewsNews and Features

Just as there are plans in place for dealing with natural emergencies such as tropical and winter storms, readiness plans are developed for man-made emergencies, which includes radiological hazards.

Nuclear power plants operate in most states in the country and produce about 20 percent of the nation’s power.

Nearly three million people live within the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone of an operating nuclear power plant, including West Point, which is situated between 7-to-9 miles from the Indian Point Energy Center (IPEC) in Buchanan of Westchester County.

Although the construction and operation of nuclear power plants are closely monitored and regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, incidents at these plants are possible—and planned for.

If an accident at IPEC were to result in the potential or actual release of radiation, warning sirens in the area would be activated. Commercial and West Point media sources would broadcast Emergency Alert System  messages to advise you on protective measures.

Depending upon the scope and scale of the emergency, protective actions may include “shelter-in-place” or “evacuation” advisories. As radioactive materials rapidly decay and dissipate with distance, the most likely scenario for West Point personnel would be to take shelter rather than trying to evacuate.

If you are instructed to shelter-in-place, the following steps will keep you and your family safe during the emergency.

• Shelter. Go inside your home or the nearest building; choose an inside room with as few windows or doors as possible.

• Shut. Shut and lock all windows and doors to create a better seal; turn off heating or cooling ventilation systems. If at home, make sure the fireplace damper and all ventilation fans are closed.

• Listen. Local officials are your best source of information. If in an office, monitor your computer, television and phones; if at home, listen to your radio or television until you are told it is safe to leave the shelter or to evacuate.

For more details, consult the Orange County Indian Point Emergency Guide, available at, or call the West Point Emergency Manager at 845-938-7092.

Readiness, through education and preparation, is the best defense. Are you radiological ready?

Indian Point closes but not before the Sixth Seal (Rev 6:12)

Indian Point closes


04/30/2020 10:00 AM EDT

— Opponents of Indian Point’s scheduled shutdown today hold a Zoom protest starting at 2 p.m. The mayor of the village of Buchanan is scheduled to speak, according to organizers.

— While natural gas is likely to fill in the gap left by the plant’s closure in the short run, environmentalists supporting the closure and policymakers point to a regional cap on emissions from the power sector as evidence that overall carbon pollution will continue a downward trajectory.

— Parks in New Jersey will reopen, Gov. Phil Murhpy announced.

The Indian Point nuclear power plant in Buchanan, N.Y. | AP Photo

NUKE NO MORE — POLITICO’s Marie J. French: Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s quest to shutter Indian Point will enter the final stages as an operator at one of the nuclear plant’s units flips a switch Thursday. Under an agreement reached with Cuomo, Entergy is scheduled to shut down one of its 1,000 megawatt reactors at 11 p.m. The move will reduce the amount of zero-emissions power consumed in downstate New York and increase demand for gas-fired plants in the short run. Most environmental advocates have hailed the closure as a victory — and have for years raised safety concerns and issues with the plant’s impact on the Hudson River, They say it will not ultimately impede achievement of the state’s ambitious renewable energy goals, arguing new fossil fuel plants are not “needed” to replace the nuclear plant.

NJ PARKS TO REOPEN — POLITICO’s Sam Sutton: Democratic and Republican lawmakers in New Jersey are taking credit after Gov. Phil Murphy signed an executive order Wednesday that will allow parks and golf courses to reopen in time for Saturday morning tee times. But Murphy said his decision to reverse his April 7 order to shut down state and county parks had little to do with the three weeks of pleading and cajoling that’s gone on publicly and behind the scenes. … Murphy said he decided to reopen parks and golf courses only after similar actions were taken in Pennsylvania and New York, thereby ensuring New Jersey’s facilities wouldn’t be inundated by out-of-staters.

— Following Murphy’s announcement, the New Jersey Sierra Club, Food and Water Watch and League of Conservation Voters — issued statements praising the move to re-open state and county parks and forests. (Note: New York never closed its state parks, but did briefly close golf courses.)

RGGI REGS OUT — Bloomberg’s Keshia Clukey: “New York state plans to lower its cap on carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.4 million tons in 2021, and by nearly 1 million tons annually through 2030, according to a proposal published Wednesday. ‘The RGGI program demonstrates how states can work together to respond to the climate crisis in a way that advances our economies,’ DEC Commissioner Basil Seggos said in a news release. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the state DEC won’t host a public hearing on its proposal, but will accept public comments through June 29.”

— Environmental advocates praised the DEC’s extension of the RGGI rules to small peaker plants that had previously been left out of the cap.

POLITICO Pro is here to help you navigate these unprecedented times. Check out our new Covid-19 Coverage Roundup, which provides a daily summary of top Covid-19 news coverage from across all 16 federal policy verticals as well as premium content, such as DataPoint graphics. Please sign up at our settings page to receive this unique roundup sent directly to your inbox every weekday afternoon.

Around New York

— Tesla’s solar energy business took a step backward to start the year, with installations dropping as the coronavirus outbreak started to spread through the economy.

— OPINION: State Sen. Todd Kaminsky says New York should begin reopening its economy with green projects.

— The South Fork offshore wind farm will “very likely” be delayed beyond its planned 2022 completion date, according to a top official for project developer Orsted, who cited a “prolonged” federal review of U.S. wind projects and the COVID-19 pandemic.

— Cleaning product manufacturers say the Covid-19 crisis should prompt New York state to delay by one year its ban on all but trace concentrations of 1,4-dioxane in their products.

— The New York Power Authority returns to the market after a multi-year absence, with a $1.1 billion bond offering including its first-ever green bonds.

— BLOG: Andrew Ratzkin, an energy sector lawyer and member of the Westchester County Climate Smart Communities Task Force, advocates for a carbon tax.

— Manhattan residents are using up to 25 percent more energy during the day amid the coronavirus lockdown.

— Flooding along the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario may not be as bad as feared. Regulators of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River say water levels this year are expected to peak “well below” the record-highs of 2017 and 2019.

— The Cohoes Common Council unanimously approved a one-year moratorium Tuesday night on the burning of firefighting foam with potentially hazardous PFAS compounds, effectively preventing Norlite from restarting the incineration process that it used to fuel part of its operations.

— Rockland County parks, which were closed April 7 in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus, are readying to reopen, County Executive Ed Day announced Wednesday.

— Dairy farmers in upstate New York who faced the wrenching task of dumping their milk earlier this month as the novel coronavirus spread are now confronting a grim future: months of low prices that could squeeze them out of business.

Across the River

— Since the coronavirus, the Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority and plants around the country, have seen an increased number of disinfectant wipes, latex gloves, and face masks being flushed down toilets, creating clogs, blockages, and other damage to critical infrastructure.

— State regulators are giving solar installers more time to show that their arrays qualify for Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs), if they have not formally completed their applications by the end of April because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

— Residents of a community destroyed by Superstorm Sandy have won a court victory that will restart their long-delayed plans to rebuild more than eight years after the devastation, according to their attorneys.

Babylon the Great Underestimates the Iranian Horn

America Underestimates Iran’s Military At Its Own Peril

Here’s What You Need To Remember: Iran’s forces, when confronted close to its shores, would not be easily subdued. What is referred to commonly as the “tyranny of distance,” combined with Tehran’s growing A2/AD capabilities, creates an interesting challenge for U.S. warfighters if the unthinkable ever came to pass.

The facts are simple: Washington and Tehran are locked into a long-term geopolitical contest throughout the Middle East that will span decades—a similar contest in many ways to Washington and Beijing’s battle for influence in the Asia-Pacific and wider Indo-Pacific regions. 

Over the long term, the U.S.-Iranian struggle throughout the Middle East could very well be a mini-Thucydides trap, to steal the phrase from my beloved Harvard’s resident geostrategic guru, Graham Allison—the classic tale of how when a rising power meets an established power, war is oftentimes the most common result (eleven out of fifteen times, per Allison).

(This first appeared in 2015.)

Taking such a long view of U.S.-Iranian relations only reveals stormy seas ahead. No serious foreign-policy or national-security mind can see a long-term partnership beyond maybe short-term alignments in Iraq and decreased tensions from Iran putting its nuclear program on ice for ten years (Remember, folks: In ten years, Iran can slowly expand its nuclear program, and in fifteen years, it has no restrictions on the amount of uranium it wishes to produce…then what?).

Looking at any map reveals a whole host of challenges.

From Yemen, to Syria, to Lebanon and over the long term in Iraq, it is quite clear Washington and Tehran have too many areas of contention for their relationship to turn rosey.

Iran is a nation that, like China, feels history has certainly not been kind, especially at the hands of Western powers. Tehran, while not trying to create an empire of sorts throughout the Middle East, as some have offered, certainly seems focused on expanding its regional interests and influence—as any power on the rise would naturally seek to do. The natural defense of such interests could, by default, turn Iran into the Middle East’s new regional hegemon. Look far and wide into the soul of U.S. diplomats, and that is the real fear (and a shared one among Washington’s allies in the region). While many in the Middle East and beyond fear Iran’s possible nuclear aspirations, such weapons are only a part of a much bigger geostrategic challenge.

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So the real question seems quite simple: Will America and Iran come to blows over Tehran’s regional aspirations?

I, for one, certainly hope not. I think the best possible solution to these countries’ conflicting goals would be for both sides to take a very pragmatic approach—to align their interests in areas of shared goals, while agreeing to disagree, and even competing in many areas across the wider Middle East—“frenemies,” if you will.

However, as history has shown us time and time again, the end result we want does not always come to pass. This piece will explore the various ways Iran could strike U.S. forces if conflict ever occurred. Looking specifically at Tehran’s military capabilities, one quickly realizes Iran’s military, while not nearly as advanced as the United States’, is certainly tough enough to constrain Washington’s strategic objectives through large parts of the Middle East, especially as one approaches Iran’s borders.

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From China with Love: Iran Loves A2/AD

While the pages of many publications—including this one—are filled with various ideas and concepts that detail one of my favorite subjects, Chinese anti-access/area-denial (A2/AD), other nations are adopting this smart asymmetric strategy, and Iran is one of them. While nowhere near as advanced as China’s various sea mines, ballistic and cruise missiles, submarines, cyber weapons and C2 and C4ISR systems, Iranian A2/AD still packs quite a punch.

So what would an Iranian A2/AD campaign against U.S. forces look like? Well, let us assume Iran decided, for whatever reason, to strike first and strike decisively—the best way to utilize any A2/AD force. The best research to guide us in such a discussion is a 2011 report from the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) that looks at Iranian A2/AD capabilities and possible U.S. responses, titled: “Outside-In: Operating from Range to Defeat Iran’s Anti-Access/Area-Denial Threats.”

The real highlight of this report is that it sketches out an Iranian A2/AD campaign against U.S. forces in the timeframe between 2020 and 2025 with what CSBA assumes Iran would have developed in terms of military capabilities by that time. The scenario also assumes a U.S. force posture at roughly 2011-levels. While these qualifiers do detract slightly from the accuracy of the scenario, CSBA does show the reader quite effectively what Iran could do.

For starters, as noted prior, surprise will be the key, with Iran going all in with a massive strike:

Iran will likely exploit the element of surprise to subject U.S. forces in the Gulf to a concentrated, combined-arms attack. Using coastal radars, UAVs, and civilian vessels for initial targeting information, Iranian surface vessels could swarm U.S. surface combatants in narrow waters, firing a huge volume of rockets and missiles in an attempt to overwhelm the Navy’s AEGIS combat system and kinetic defenses like the Close-In Weapons System and Rolling Airframe Missile, and possibly drive U.S. vessels toward prelaid minefields. Shore-based ASCMs and Klub-K missiles launched from “civilian” vessels may augment these strikes. Iran’s offensive maritime exclusion platforms could exploit commercial maritime traffic and shore clutter to mask their movement and impede U.S. counter-targeting. While these attacks are underway, Iran could use its SRBMs and proxy forces to strike U.S. airfields, bases, and ports. Iran will likely seek to overwhelm U.S. and partner missile defenses with salvos of less accurate missiles before using more accurate SRBMs armed with submunitions to destroy unsheltered aircraft and other military systems. Proxy groups could attack forward bases using presighted guided mortars and rockets, and radiation-seeking munitions to destroy radars and C4 nodes.

Iran would also try to lock out the Strait of Hormuz:

After initial attacks to attrite U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf, Iran will likely use its maritime exclusion systems to control passage through the Strait of Hormuz. Mine warfare should feature prominently in Iranian attempts to close the Strait. As with many of its A2/AD systems, Iran could employ a combination of “smart” influence mines along with large quantities of less capable weapons such as surface contact mines. Iran may deploy many of its less sophisticated mines from a variety of surface vessels, while it reserves its submarine force to lay influence mines covertly. Though Iran may wish to sink or incapacitate a U.S. warship with a mine, its primary goal is probably to deny passage and force the U.S. Navy to engage in prolonged mine countermeasure (MCM) operations while under threat from Iranian shore-based attacks. U.S. MCM ships, which typically lack the armor and self-defenses of larger warships, would be unlikely to survive in the Strait until these threats are suppressed.

Iran could deploy its land-based ASCMs from camouflaged and hardened sites to firing positions along its coastline and on Iranian-occupied islands in the Strait of Hormuz while placing decoys at false firing positions to complicate U.S. counterstrikes. Hundreds of ASCMs may cover the Strait, awaiting target cueing data from coastal radars, UAVs, surface vessels, and submarines. Salvo and multiple axis attacks could enable these ASCMs to saturate U.S. defenses. Similar to the way in which Iran structured its ballistic missile attacks, salvos of less capable ASCMs might be used to exhaust U.S. defenses, paving the way for attacks by more advanced missiles.

Also, according to CSBA, Iran would be rewarded by spreading the field of conflict:

Undoubtedly aware that the United States’ ability to bring military power to bear is influenced by the demand for forces in other regions, Iran may seek to expand the geographical scope of a conflict in order to divert U.S. attention and resources elsewhere. Iran’s terrorist proxies, perhaps aided by Quds Force operatives, could be employed to threaten U.S. interests in other theaters. Iran could conceivably leverage its relationship with Hezbollah to attempt to draw Israel into the conflict or tap Hezbollah’s clandestine networks to carry out attacks in other regions.

Concluding Thoughts

The above is only a very small sample of what is an excellent, but frightening, report. CSBA deserves credit for showing what such a conflict would look like, and did not get nearly enough credit when the report was released. While slightly dated, since it was written towards the end of 2011, any defense or national-security wonk should sit down and read it cover to cover. After reading the whole report, along with just a quick parsing of many other documents and resources on Iran’s military over the years, one can easily come to the conclusion that Iran’s forces, when confronted close to its shores, would not be easily subdued. What is referred to commonly as the “tyranny of distance,” combined with Tehran’s growing A2/AD capabilities, creates an interesting challenge for U.S. warfighters if the unthinkable ever came to pass.

Let’s just hope Washington and Tehran can make “frenemies” work over the long haul.

Harry Kazianis serves as Director of Defense Studies at the Center for the National Interest. This article first appeared last year.

Image: Reuters.

Imam Khamenei: Iran’s Hegemony in the Persian Gulf

Imam Khamenei: Iran has key role in keeping security of Persian Gulf

News Code : 1031932

Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution says Iran has a key role in keeping the security of the Persian Gulf, and the presence of extra-regional forces threatens any initiative that could benefit the people of the region.

AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA): Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution says Iran has a key role in keeping the security of the Persian Gulf, and the presence of extra-regional forces threatens any initiative that could benefit the people of the region.

In a series of tweets published on the Twitter page of Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei on Wednesday, the Leader also said that the Persian Gulf belongs to the nations living there, and those are the ones responsible for ensuring its security.

“Iran with its long coastlines has a key role in keeping the security of this region. By God’s grace we will do our part. This is our historical, geographical and regional duty,” said one the tweets, which were posted on the occasion of the National Persian Gulf Day.

The Leader also said that a “wise and rational collective policy” in favor of the people of the region cannot be achieved while foreign forces are present in the Persian Gulf.

Earlier in the day, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani also reminded the United States to whom the waterway truly belongs.

The Americans should know that this waterway is called ‘the Persian Gulf.’ It is not called ‘the New York Gulf’ or ‘the Washington Gulf,’” President Rouhani told a cabinet session in Tehran.

The remarks came against the backdrop of Washington’s incessant acts of military adventurism in the Persian Gulf region.

“They should understand the circumstances [surrounding the body of water] by taking into consideration both its name and the nation that has preserved it for thousands of years, and, therefore, stop hatching plots against the Iranian nation every day,” Rouhani stated.

US President Donald Trump alleged in a recent tweet that he had ordered the US Navy to “shoot down and destroy” Iranian gunboats that “harass” American ships, following a recent confrontation between US warships and Iranian military boats in the waters.

The IRGC denounced the American vessels for their “unprofessional and perilous” behavior in the waterway, and said they had “caused trouble” for one of the elite force’s logistics ships that was on a routine patrol.

A US Navy statement claimed that about a dozen IRGC boats had approached several US naval vessels in the Persian Gulf “in dangerous and harassing” ways.

The Procurement of Nukes Before the First Nuclear War

US study shows India, Pakistan N-procurement networks larger than thought

222 companies did business with nuclear facilities in India that had no IAEA oversight, says report

NEW DELHI: Hundreds of foreign companies are actively procuring components for India and Pakistan’s nuclear programmes, taking advantage of gaps in the global regulation of the industry, according to a report by a US-based research group.

Using open-source data, the non-profit Centre For Advance Defense Studies (C4ADS) report provides one of the most comprehensive overviews of networks supplying the rivals, in a region regarded as one of the world’s most dangerous nuclear flashpoints.

“India and Pakistan are taking advantage of gaps in global non-proliferation regimes and export controls to get what they need,” said Jack Margolin, a C4ADS analyst and co-author of the report.

It is seldom possible to determine whether individual transactions are illegal by using publicly available data, Margolin said, and the report does not suggest that companies mentioned broke national or international laws or regulations.

But past reports by the think tank, whose financial backers include the Carnegie Corporation and the Wyss Foundation, have often led to action by law-enforcement agencies.

The spokespersons from the offices of India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan did not respond to requests for comment. Pakistan’s military also declined to comment.

To identify companies involved, C4ADS analysed more than 125 million records of public trade and tender data and documents, and then checked them against already-identified entities listed by export control authorities in the United States and Japan.

Pakistan-India nuclear war could kill 100 million: study

Pakistan, which is subject to strict international export controls on its programme, has 113 suspected foreign suppliers listed by the United States and Japan. But the C4ADS report found an additional 46, many in shipment hubs like Hong Kong, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.

“In Pakistan’s case, they have a lot more stringent controls, and they get around these by using transnational networks… and exploiting opaque jurisdictions,” Margolin said.

India has a waiver that allows it to buy nuclear technology from international markets. The Indian government allows inspections of some nuclear facilities by the International Atomic Energy Agency, but not all of them.

Neither India nor Pakistan have signed the international Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, adhered to by most nuclear powers. Consequently, they are not obliged to submit to IAEA oversight over all of their facilities.

C4ADS identified 222 companies that did business with the nuclear facilities in India that had no IAEA oversight. Of these, 86 companies did business with more than one such nuclear facility in India.

“It’s evidence that more needs to be done, and that there needs to be a more sophisticated approach taken to India,” Margolin said. “Just because the product is not explicitly bound for a military facility, that doesn’t mean that the due diligence process ends there.”

India and Pakistan have gone to war three times – twice over the disputed Kashmir region – since they won independence from British colonial rule in 1947. Having for years secretly developed nuclear weapons capability, the two declared themselves nuclear powers following tit-for-tat tests in 1998.

A few years later, in 2002, the two foes almost went to war for a fourth time, following an attack by militants on the parliament in New Delhi. And a year ago, a suicide attack in a part of Indian occupied Kashmir sparked another flare up in tensions.

Both countries are estimated to have around 150 useable nuclear warheads apiece, according to the Federation of American Scientists, a non-profit group tracking stockpiles of nuclear weapons.

More Strife in Kashmir (Revelation 8 )

3 Pakistanis, 1 Indian killed in exchange of fire in Kashmir

ROSHAN MUGHAL , Associated Press

MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan — Pakistani and Indian troops traded fire in the disputed region of Kashmir, killing three Pakistanis and a teenage Indian student, officials from the two sides said Thursday.

In a statement, the military blamed Indian troops for initiating an “unprovoked cease-fire violation” in the villages of Kailer and Rakhchikri along the Line of Control on Wednesday night.

The military said it lost a soldier when India’s fire hit a Pakistani post while a Pakistani woman and a 16-year-old girl were killed and two civilians were wounded when Indian mortars hit their homes.

Indian officials blamed Pakistan for initiating fire. Lt. Col. Devender Anand, an Indian army spokesman, said Pakistani troops attacked Indian positions with small arms and mortar shells in at least four places on Wednesday evening and on Thursday.

He called the firing an “unprovoked” violation of the 2003 cease-fire accord between the two countries. An Indian local civil administrator, Rahul Yadav, said a teenage student was killed in the shelling from the Pakistani side.

Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry said earlier Thursday that it summoned an Indian diplomat in Islamabad to protest New Delhi’s cease-fire violations, which Islamabad says pose a threat to regional peace and security. Kashmir is divided between the two nuclear-armed rivals but claimed by both in its entirety.

Pakistani district administration official Mohammad Yousaf said Indian artillery hit Pakistani posts and two villages as residents were breaking their dawn-to-dusk fast as part of the rituals during the holy month of Ramadan. At least three homes located near the Line of Control were damaged, he said.

Sardar Masood Khan, head of the Pakistani-administered Kashmir, condemned what he said was the latest cease-fire violation by India, alleging that the Indian army had targeted civilians.

Pakistan and India have traded fire in Kashmir in recent weeks despite both countries’ struggles to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus. COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus, has killed 346 people in Pakistan and at least 1,079 in India.

Today in History, May 1: The Rise of the Antichrist

Today in History, May 1

2008 – Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes Time magazine’s list of the world’s most influential people


1517 – “Evil May Day” riots in London as apprentices attack foreign residents. Sixty rioters are later hanged.

1522 – England declares war on France and Scotland.

1648 – Scots begin second Civil War.

1707 – Union between England and Scotland goes into effect under name Great Britain.

1770 – Forby Sutherland is laid to rest at Botany Bay – the first European to be buried in NSW.

1786 – Mozart’s opera The Marriage of Figaro premieres in Vienna.

1819 – Freedom of the press is introduced in France.

1884 – Work begins on a 10-storey building in Chicago using a unique steel-framed interior, making it the world’s first skyscraper.

1889 – May 1 is chosen by socialist congress meeting in Paris as the date to demonstrate for the eight-hour day.

1896 – Naser al-Din, the unpopular Shah of Persia, is murdered by a fanatic.

1913 – The Australian Government releases the first commonwealth banknote – ten shillings.

1919 – Mount Kelud erupts in Indonesia, killing 5000 people.

1925 – Cyprus is declared a British crown colony.

1931 – The 102-storey Empire State Building in New York is officially opened.

1937 – Spanish painter Pablo Picasso produces the first sketch of his masterpiece Guernica, five days after the Basque town is bombed by the Germans.

1942 – Japanese forces take Mandalay, Burma, while British retreat along Chindwin Valley to India.

1945 – Nazi leader Joseph Goebbels commits suicide in his Berlin bunker; German headquarters in Italy formally agrees to an unconditional surrender.

1948 – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, known as North Korea, is established.

1960 – The Soviet Union shoots down an American U-2 plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers, who is jailed for spying before being exchanged in an East-West spy swap in February 1962.

1961 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares the country a socialist nation and abolishes elections.

1967 – Elvis Presley marries Priscilla Beaulieu.

1970 – US and South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia to root out Vietnamese Communist bases.

1974 – Sir Frank Packer, chairman of Australian Consolidated Press, founder of The Australian Women’s Weekly and father of Kerry and Clyde, dies in Sydney, aged 67.

1979 – Greenland is granted home rule by Denmark.

1986 – Millions of blacks stay away from jobs and schools in what is described as largest anti-apartheid protest in South Africa’s history.

1988 – Police clash with demonstrators throughout Poland as thousands heed labour group Solidarity’s call for national day of protest.

1989 – Government of Kampuchea changes the country’s name to Cambodia.

1990 – Soviet protesters heckle President Mikhail Gorbachev at May Day parade on Red Square.

1992 – US President George Bush orders 1000 riot police to Los Angeles, torn by ethnic rioting, and puts 4000 soldiers on standby.

1994 – Ayrton Senna, three times world Formula One racing champion, dies after a high-speed crash in the San Marino Grand Prix.

1995 – The Croatian Army mounts a full-scale assault on the Serb-held enclave of Slavonia in Croatia, sending thousands of civilians fleeing.

1997 – Britain’s Labour Party, led by Tony Blair, wins a landslide victory in a general election.

1998 – The former prime minister of Rwanda, Jean Kambanda, becomes the first person ever to plead guilty before an international tribunal, admitting to his role in the 1994 genocide of more than 500,000 Rwandans.

1999 – During a visit by American civil rights leader Jesse Jackson, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic agrees to release three US soldiers held captive for more than a month.

1999 – The body of British mountaineer George Mallory is found on Mount Everest, almost 75 years after he disappeared.

2002 – Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf coasts to a landslide victory in a referendum extending his rule by five years.

2003 – UN international staff return to Baghdad for the first time since the US invasion.

2005 – North Korea test fires a short-range missile that plunges into the Sea of Japan.

2007 – President Hugo Chavez’s government takes over Venezuela’s last privately-run oil fields, intensifying a power struggle with international companies over the world’s largest known petroleum deposit.

2008 – Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes Time magazine’s list of the world’s most influential people, alongside US President George W Bush and Iraq’s radical cleric Moqtada al-Sadr.

2009 – Hundreds of Venezuelan police and National Guard troops break up a protest march with volleys of tear gas and blasts from water cannon that scatters a crowd of President Hugo Chavez’s opponents.

2010 – Pope Benedict XVI cracks down on the scandal-plagued Legionaries of Christ, announcing a papal envoy will take over and reform the conservative order after revelations that its founder sexually abused seminarians and fathered at least one child.

2014 – US Secretary of State John Kerry says he had no advance warning of Palestinian deal for unity government that scuttled Middle East peace talks.

2015 – The bodies of executed Australian drug smugglers Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran are driven from a Jakarta funeral home to the airport before being flown back to Sydney.

2018 – Cardinal George Pell is committed to stand trial on multiple historic sex offence charges.

2019 – WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is sentenced to 50 weeks’ jail for violating his bail conditions while seeking and obtaining political asylum at the Ecuadorian embassy.


Joseph Addison, English poet-politician (1672-1719); Kate Smith, US singer (1909-1986); Joseph Heller, US writer (1923-1999); John Meillon, Australian radio and television actor (1934-1989); Judy Collins, US singer (1939-); Rita Coolidge, US singer (1945-); John Woo, Chinese-born film director (1946-); Joanna Lumley, English actress (1946- ); Wes Anderson, US film director (1969-); Tim McGraw, US country singer, (1967-); Stuart Appleby, Australian golfer (1971-).


Think much, speak little, and write less – Italian proverb