Iran Claims To Have Improved Antiballistic Missile System

ran claims its new missile system more advanced than S-300

Iranian Antiballistic Missile System

Iranian Antiballistic Missile System
IR_TAHR – 29.04.2014 09:25:36

The Iranian army deputy chief-of-staff has claimed that Iran has made a new missile system which is more advanced compared to the Russian S-300 anti-aircraft missile system.

“Iranian Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered Iranian experts to produce home-made version of S-300 after Russian side cancelled the contract to supply Iran with the system,” Gen. Mohammad Hejazi said, Iranian Mehr news agency reported on April 29.

“Our experts have made big achievements on the issue,” Hejazi said, adding that the details of the project will be made public when its time comes.

Russia signed a contract with Iran in 2007 to deliver five S-300 advanced ground-to-air missiles at a cost of $800 million.

In 2010, Russia’s then president Dmitry Medvedev cancelled the contract because of UN Security Council sanctions over concerns about Tehran’s disputed nuclear program.

One of the most advanced multi-target anti-aircraft missile systems in the world, the S-300 has a reported ability to track up to 100 targets simultaneously while engaging up to 12 at the same time.
In mid-February the commander of Iran’s Khatam al-Anbiya Air Defense Base Brigadier General
Farzad Esmaili announced that the country will launch Bavar 373, the Iranian version of S-300 in the next two years.

The technical problems hampering construction of Bavar 373 have been resolved, and development and construction of the sophisticated anti-missile defense system would be completed by the end of Iran’s Fifth Five-Year Development Plan (2010-2015), Esmaili said.

The commander claimed that “the domestic system will be more powerful than the S-300 missile system.” (Cihan/Trend az)

Al-Maliki Tries To Suppress Antichrist

The elections battle on the presidency of the Iraqi ministerial council has become fierce as politicians and religious figures call for political change and reform, as well as urging voters not cast votes for previous figures who failed to achieve safety and security.

The Sadrist Movement revealed the cleric Moqtada Al-Sadr refused to renew the mandate of Al-Maliki due to his government’s failure in meeting the needs of the public in the security, stability and services. The Sadrist Movement announced its own candidate for the position.

Al-Ahrar Movement is hopeful that its candidate will win the position because he enjoys considerable popularity amongst the people of Maysan. Factions always avoid announcing the names of their nominees before the end of elections.

In an unprecedented move, Al-Maliki threatened to expel the Supreme Shia Cleric in Najaf Ali Sistani if he does not remain silent on the eve of the elections.

A Shia source close to Al-Sistani said that Al-Maliki sent a letter to Al-Sistani asking him to stay away from the candidates. The same source also said that Al-Sistani’s oldest son reported threats against his father by Al-Maliki.

Al-Sistani’s son said that Al-Maliki asked his father to be moderate in his statements which call for changing faces that failed to improve the disastrous economic situation.

Al-Sistani has called for a wide participation in the elections for the sake of change and reform. In his Friday speech he considered the elections a chance to change the situation in the country.

One of the four Shia clerics in Najaf Bashir Al-Najafi called for voters not to vote for Al-Maliki. Al-Najafi blamed Al-Maliki’s government for the disastrous situation in Iraq. He called for choosing new not “dirty” faces.

Most of the Shia politicians tend to get closer to the Shia clerics in order to invest their popularity amongst voters. Al-Sistani and other religious clerics did not support any political party.

Analysts expect that the clerics’ calls to choose new faces and not corrupt officials worry Al-Maliki and embarrass him in front of the Shia population.

The entrances to the city of Baghdad will be closed this evening as part of preparations for the parliamentarian elections. Security spokesmen said the closures are part of a security plan to protect voters and voting centres.

Iraq Prepares For Sadrists To Take Over

Iraqis to vote for new parliament with dim hopes
Sunday, April 27, 2014
From Print Edition
Sadrists Prepare to Take Over

Sadrists Prepare to Take Over
The vibrant posters promise jobs, prosperity and security coming from Iraq’s first parliamentary elections since US troops withdrew from the country, but so far, voters have only dim hopes as sectarian bloodshed rages unstopped.

Eleven years after the US-led invasion toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, Iraqis live in a deeply divided country sinking back into a cycle of violence that claimed more than 8,800 lives last year alone.
Candidates largely campaign by smiling signs alone some women in conservative districts using only images of husbands or brothers as suicide bombers killed at least 33 people at a rare rally on Friday by a militant group fielding its own political hopefuls.

The resurgence of sectarian violence, which nearly tore Iraq apart in 2006 and 2007, is both a reflection of the 3-year-old conflict in neighbouring Syria and the politics of a democratic, but splintered nation. Voters in Wednesday’s polls are widely expected to cast ballots along sectarian and ethnic lines, though many say they have little hope the election will bring any real change.

“Iraqi politics needs new blood,” said Ammar Faleh, a 35-year-old government employee in Baghdad’s eastern Sadr City. “We don’t want the people who created our miseries to be re-elected. We want honest people who can fix the situation, not make it worse.”

More than 9,000 candidates are vying for 328 seats in parliament. As in the last round of nationwide elections in 2010, fierce intra-sectarian political rivalries have left members of the country’s majority community running on different tickets a shift from the 2006 elections when they formed a unified list with support from traditional religious authorities.

Whichever bloc comes out ahead will have a shot at cobbling together a coalition that will choose the prime minister, though many Iraqis expect that post could well remain in the hands of the man who has held it since 2006: Nouri al-Maliki.

However, the administration of Al-Maliki, 63, has been unable to stop the near-daily bloodshed on the country’s streets, while corruption permeates all levels of government.

Despite the unrest, al-Maliki is presenting himself as a strong leader who can defeat the insurgency that has come roaring back on his watch. One of his campaign posters shows him standing next to soldier with a slogan reading: “Together, we defeat terrorism.”

Experts predict al-Maliki’s State of Law coalition will gain the largest number of seats, given its emergence as the largest single bloc in seven of 12 provinces in last year’s provincial elections. But even if he secures the most seats, al-Maliki likely will need to work with opponents to build a coalition to form the next government.

His main rivals are the al-Muwatin coalition, led by powerful cleric Ammar al-Hakim, who heads the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, as well as followers of the firebrand cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. The Sadrists are running on three separate lists, with the major one called al-Ahrar. A new political player running for seats this time around is the extremist Asaib Ahl al-Haq, or “the League of the Righteous.” Its followers carried out deadly attacks against US troops before their withdrawal and claimed responsibility for the 2007 kidnapping of a British contractor along with his four guards.

Their entry into the political process sparked new bloodshed Friday. A Sunni al-Qaeda breakaway group, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, said its suicide bombers attacked Asaib Ahl al-Haq’s rally for some 10,000 followers on Friday, an assault that killed at least 33 people.

The Islamic State said on a militant website that the bombings were to avenge what it called the killing of Sunnis and their forced removal from their homes by militias.

India Claims To Have Antiballistic Missiles Against Pakistan

India test-fires anti-ballistic missile


India Claims to have Antiballistic Defense System

India Claims to have Antiballistic Defense System

BHUBANESWAR, India Sun Apr 27, 2014 5:23am EDT

(Reuters) – India successfully test-fired an anti-ballistic missile on Sunday capable of intercepting targets outside the earth’s atmosphere, a major step in development of a missile defense system that is available to only a handful of nations.

Sharing borders with nuclear armed China and Pakistan, India is developing a two-tier missile defense system that aims to provide a multi-layered shield against ballistic missile attack.

“This (test) is part of the ballistic missile defense system which we are developing…,” said Ravi Kumar Gupta, spokesman for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
“The mission has been completed and the interception parameter has been achieved.”

The system is intended to destroy an incoming missile at a higher altitude in the exo-atmosphere, and if that fails in the endo-atmospheric within the earth’s atmosphere.

Currently, only a small club of nations including the United States, Russia and Israel possess an anti-ballistic missile system.

India, China and Pakistan are all nuclear powers.

India has fought three wars with Pakistan and came close to a fourth one in 2001. It lost a brief Himalayan border war with its larger neighbor China in 1962 and has ever since strived to improve its defenses.

In recent years, New Delhi has accused China of making hundreds of intrusions along their disputed border. However, China denies crossing into Indian territory.

Adding to its worries are China’s forays into the Indian Ocean and its involvement in building a string of ports stretching from Pakistan’s Gwadar to Chittagong in Bangladesh.

In light of changes in geo-political situation in its neighborhood, many analysts have suggested revisiting India’s nuclear doctrine whose central principle is that New Delhi would not be first to use atomic weapons in a conflict.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which is widely tipped to form the next government after ongoing national elections in May, has promised to revise the doctrine, but has ruled out the first use of nuclear weapons.

Large Horn Continues To Support Small Horn (Daniel 8)

Official: Iran-Iraq Trade Balance to Hit $20bln
Large Horn Continues To Help Small Horn

Large Horn Continues To Help Small Horn
TEHRAN (FNA)- Tehran and Baqdad will increase the value of their trade transactions to $20 billion in the current Iranian year (March 21, 2014-March 21, 2015), a senior trade official announced on Sunday.
“The value of trade transactions between Iran and Iraq is due to hit USD 20 billion in the year 1393,” the official in charge of Iraq Affairs at the Iranian Trade Promotion Organization (TPO) Majid Qorbanifaraz said.
Qorbanifaraz pointed to the high volume of Iran’s exports to Iraq, and said, “Iran exported around $5.2 billion in the first 11 months of the last Iranian year (March 21, 2013-February 21, 2014) and values of the country’s export of technical and engineering services exceeded $600 million.”
Iran and Iraq have enjoyed growing ties ever since the overthrow of the former Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, during the 2003 US invasion of the Muslim country.
Last month, Secretary of Iranian Association of Technical Engineering Services Exporting Companies Siyamak Dolatshahi announced that 30 Iranian firms are active in Iraq’s developmental projects.
Dolatshahi said that Iran and Iraq enjoy numerous commonalities in various fields such as religion, geography and culture which should be utilized for enhancing the level of economic cooperation.
Iran has had positive trade balance with 83 world countries during the first nine months of the last Iranian year (March 21-December 20, 2013), Iranian Customs Data said.
According to Iran’s Customs Office, the country’s most trade interactions have been made with Iraq with $4.408bln of exports and $48mln of imports from that country during the above period.
Also Iran exported $1.853bln of goods and services to Afghanistan and imported $23mln of commodities from that country in the said period of time.
“The volume of Iran’s exports to Turkmenistan reached $640mln, to Egypt $409mln and to Azerbaijan $377mln in the last 9 months while the volume of Iran’s imports from the mentioned countries amounted to $76mln, $6mln and $18mln respectively,” the Customs Office said.

United States Suddenly Worried About Iranian Missiles

US Concerned over threats of Iran missiles to PG: Official
Iran's Long Range Capable Missiles

Iran’s Long Range Capable Missiles

A senior US official expresses optimism about a possible resolving of the dispute over Iran’s nuclear energy program but says Washington is still concerned about the threat posed by Tehran’s missiles to the Persian Gulf states, PressTV reported.

Speaking to reporters in Abu Dhabi on Sunday, US deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Space and Defense Policy, Frank Rose, added that Washington was “acutely” aware of anxieties of Arab countries in the Persian Gulf about what he called threats from Iran’s missile program.

 “We are optimistic that we’ll have a successful resolution of the Iran nuclear issue … but that doesn’t downgrade our concern about Iran’s other bad behaviors, specifically their support for terrorism as well as their continued development of ballistic missile capabilities,” Rose said on the sidelines of a conference on missiles and defense.”

Rose’s comments came as Iran has repeatedly assured other nations, especially regional neighbors, that its military might poses no threat to other countries, insisting that its defense doctrine is merely based on deterrence.

Meanwhile, Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has issued a religious decree prohibiting nuclear weapons.

In the fatwa (religious decree), Ayatollah Khamenei said the Islamic Republic considers the pursuit and possession of nuclear weapons “a grave sin” from every logical, religious and theoretical standpoint.

Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council – the United States, France, Britain, Russia, and China – plus Germany sealed an interim deal in the Swiss city of Geneva on November 24, 2013, to pave the way for the full resolution of the decade-old dispute over the Islamic Republic’s nuclear energy program. The deal came into force on January 20.

The two sides are scheduled to resume expert-level talks in New York on May 5-9.

Sadrist Prepare To Take Over Iraq Government

Key political figures in Iraq’s elections

Sadrists Prepare To Take Over Iraq

Sadrists Prepare To Take Over Iraq
A look at the key political players in Iraq’s parliamentary elections.

Nuri al-Maliki

Election basics

BASIC INFORMATION information about Iraq’s parliamentary elections Sunday: 

Registered voters: About 19 million.

Polling places: About 10,000 centers containing 52,000 voting booths.
Candidates: More than 6,200.
Voting hours: 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Size of new parliament: 325 seats
Size of previous parliament: 275 seats
Mandatory number of women in new parliament: 82
Election staff: Nearly 300,000
International observers: 500-600 expected
Iraqi provinces: 18

Independent High Electoral Commission and United Nations Assistance Mission
for Iraq

A look at the key political players in Iraq’s parliamentary elections:

Nouri al-Maliki: The prime minister is seeking a second, four-year term, contesting this election at the head of his State of Law Coalition. Al-Maliki took office in May 2006 after winning the premiership as a compromise candidate put forward by Shiite parties. He has since asserted his authority and overseen the drop in violence after a 2007 U.S. troop buildup. He has been harshly criticized for shutting out his government partners from the decision-making process on key issues, depending instead on a small clique of aides from his Dawa Party.

Jalal Talabani: The senior and longtime leader of Iraq’s Kurdish minority is serving a second term as president. He founded the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in 1975, one of the two main Kurdish parties that fought Saddam Hussein. Talabani has built a “father of the nation” reputation during the past four years. He is reported to be seeking another presidential term, but the PUK is being challenged by an upstart Kurdish party called Change that may upset the Kurdish balance of power.

Adel Abdul-Mahdi: The Shiite vice president is a French-trained economist who has been a prime minister-in waiting since 2005. Abdul-Mahdi, a stalwart of the Iranian-backed Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council party, twice came close to becoming prime minister but missed out in both cases to candidates from the Dawa Party. Abdul-Mahdi may get another shot at the prime minister’s job if the Supreme Council wins the largest number of seats inside the Iraqi National Alliance.

Tariq al-Hashemi: The Sunni vice president has been among the harshest critics of al-Maliki. A Sunni, al-Hashemi has quit the Iraqi Islamic Party that he once led and is running for parliament in a secular coalition led by former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, a Shiite. He is viewed as the most powerful Sunni Arab politician in Iraq today.

Muqtada al-Sadr: The fiery, anti-U.S. cleric is not running in the election but has endorsed the vote, calling it a means of “political resistance.” In the past, al-Sadr, who is thought to be living in Iran, denounced elections as a sham because they were held under U.S. “occupation.” His opposition to any U.S. role in Iraq has been uncompromising. But it’s his close ties to Iran that could undermine his standing.

Ayad Allawi: The former prime minister is the face of secular politics in post-Saddam Hussein Iraq. A Shiite, Allawi has carved a niche for himself in Iraq as the answer to urban and educated Iraqis, Sunnis and Shiites alike, who are dismayed by the religious parties and the close ties they maintain with the country’s cleric-ruled neighbor, Iran. A physician by training, Allawi was a member of Iraq’s outlawed Baath party until the 1970s.

Ibrahim al-: A former prime minister, Al-Jaafari is running in a mostly Shiite coalition led by the Iranian-backed Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council and followers of al-Sadr. He is widely believed to have a chance at becoming prime minister if his allies, the Sadrists, emerge from the vote as the party with a larger number of seats than any other group in the coalition.

Ahmed Chalabi: A one-time Pentagon favorite and insider, Chalabi is running in the same coalition led by the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council and the Sadrists. He failed to win a seat in the last parliamentary election in 2005, but is virtually assured of one this time around. Chalabi’s relations with the United States soured when the intelligence he provided the Americans on Saddam’s weapons of mass destruction proved faulty.

The U.S. also accused him in 2004 of spying for Iran. Chalabi is a secular Shiite who is loathed by the country’s Sunni Arab minority for the zeal he has shown in rooting out Saddam’s loyalists from jobs in the government, armed forces and security agencies.

Why Christ Is Pi: The Narrow Gate

“I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” John 14:6

What does π look like? π is a gate, the design upon which the temples were built. And π is an infinite and transcendental number, a number not understood in finite mortal terms. And Einstein said that if he could comprehend π, then he could comprehend God, for π is the number of God. And it truly is. And what does π look like? It is the narrow gate, for it represents Christ who is the Gate. And do you remember what He said on the Mount? “Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and there are many who enter through it. For the gate is small and the way is narrow that leads to life, and there are few who find it.” (Matthew 7:12-13) For we all were created by the Father, and we all have fallen away from the Father. But Christ interceded on our behalf, and gave us the gateway to return to the Father. But to complete the circle back to the Father, we must go through Christ who is the narrow Gate. And what is the formula to complete the circle? The formula of circumference = π · diameter. Circumference is the path to return to the Father, and diameter is the distance you are away from the Father. And Solomon was told when he constructed the temple, that value of π was equal to 3, “ten cubits from one brim to the other; it was completely round… and a line of thirty cubits measured its circumference.” (1 Kings 7:23). And obviously that answer was far from complete. For many have come close, but no one on their own has returned to the Father. For this is humanly impossible, for π is an infinite number. Until Christ the Son came down to mankind, for He is the Gate “the way, the truth, and the life. No one can go to the Father except through Me.” (John 14:6) Christ is π. When we go through Him, then we return to the Father.But no one can return to the Father except through Him!

Christ = π = The Narrow Gate
Circumference = π · diameter
Circumference = path back to the Father
diameter = distance between you & the Father
π = 3.1415926535897923847274338327950288…

Christ is Pi the Narrow Gate

Christ is Pi the Narrow Gate

And the circular pattern above is a symbol commonly used in India. For the pattern represents karma, “what goes around, comes around”! All have come from the Father, and all will return to the Father.

Amen. All men.

Al-Maliki Tries To Stop Antichrist “Surge”

Maliki goes on offense as elections approach


The Antichrist's Makes a Surge

The Antichrist’s Makes a Surge
In an interview with the Lebanese Al-Manar TV channel on April 20, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki challenged his adversaries, who have been accusing him of becoming a dictator and monopolizing authority, to prove that he has violated the constitution, if even once. Maliki said that he has never overstepped the constitution or law in any of his policies or powers, and that his adversaries want to blame him for the failure of the partnership government, which they themselves are part of. Maliki reiterated his promise that the next stage will not witness a return to a partnership government including all parties. The only solution is a majority government whose ministers are appointed by Maliki, and which he leads.
SummaryPrint With Iraq’s parliamentary elections only days away, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has accused his adversaries of failing to take responsibility for their role in the current crises.
Author Harith Hasan Posted April 25, 2014

Translator(s)Sami-Joe Abboud

The Maliki-led State of Law Coalition includes 12 parties and groups, including the Islamic Dawa Party, led by Maliki himself, the Badr Organization, the Independent Bloc, headed by Deputy Prime Minister Hussein al-Shahristani, in addition to other smaller parties.

The coalition is participating in the elections in all cities with a Shiite majority and focusing its electoral campaign on the Shiite audience. Maliki started his electoral rounds with a visit to Basra in southern Iraq on April 11, and he later visited all Shiite cities.

During these rounds, Maliki sought to promote his coalition by sponsoring or launching new service projects such as the inauguration of a big hospital in Najaf. He also inspected the site of the Besmaya Housing Project in Baghdad, which is one of the largest housing projects in the capital and aims at building more than 100,000 housing units.

In the speech he gave during his visit to the site, Maliki vowed to begin implementing the plan to build 1 million new housing units in the country to solve the housing crisis. He also emphasized that the slackening in developing infrastructure and services stems from the lack of cooperation by other political forces and from the parliament’s attempt to hamper any achievements that are in the interest of the government and prime minister.

In his visits, Maliki also distributed many lots of land to those who do not have homes. His opponents considered this an exploitation of his governmental position to win the support of voters.

Regarding the elections in mixed areas with significant Shiite minorities, Maliki’s party allied with other Shiite groups in multiparty alliances.

In Diyala, the Fadila Party and the Sadiqoun Bloc, which represents the paramilitary Ahl al-Haq Movement, joined the State of Law Coaltion. In Kirkuk, Maliki’s party joined the gathering called Turkman Kirkuk Coalition, which also includes the Fadila Party, the Sadiqoun Bloc and the National Reform Movement led by former Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari. In Saladin, Maliki’s coalition joined the Islamic Supreme Council, the Independent Bloc, the Badr Organization, the Fadila Party, the Sadiqoun Bloc and the National Reform Movement in a Shiite alliance that excludes Sadrists and carries the name of the National Saladin Alliance.

Maliki’s current alliances emphasized its Shiite character, compared to the way things were in 2010, and the closeness of Maliki to the extreme religious-right Shiite forces such as the Fadila Party, and to those closest to Iran such as the Badr Organization and Ahl al-Haq Movement.

This focus on the Shiite constituency might be understandable. All the main forces preferred to consolidate their sectarian electoral constituencies because they realized that larger blocs will be formed after the elections. However, it is still unclear whether Maliki’s alliance with the Islamic Supreme Council and most other Shiite forces in Saladin province indicates that a similar national alliance will be formed after the elections.

There are also small groups that are pro-Maliki but entered the electoral race on separate lists to increase their chances of gaining votes, which would be difficult to obtain by being part of the State of Law Coalition. These groups include the Iraqi Loyalty Coalition led by Sami al-Askari, Maliki’s close associate, the Movement for a Fair State — both of which are running in the elections in Baghdad and cities with a Shiite majority — and the Rule of Law Youth Movement, which is running in Baghdad.

Although Ali al-Adeeb, a senior member of the Dawa Party who is seen as a potential alternative to Maliki, is heading the State of Law Coalition list in Karbala, he is also leading a separate group called the Gathering of Comprehensive Revival. This gathering also includes candidates in Baghdad and cities with a Shiite majority. This step can be interpreted as part of an electoral tactic aimed at acquiring any votes that may not go directly to the State of Law Coalition. It also infers internal tension resulting from the rivalry between Maliki and Adeeb, which is one of the reasons that seem to have pushed Maliki to rely more on his relatives and place the husbands of his two daughters on the State of Law Coalition list in Karbala, which is headed by Adeeb.

This may be an early omen of a conflict between the partisans currently linked to the Dawa Party and the family wing in the prime minister’s office, whose influence has grown in recent years, as the prime minister’s opponents say.

Besides those alliances, the majority government project advocated by Maliki will seemingly be based on an alliance with the Sunni forces, most notably the list led by Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq, in addition to new powers such as the Iraq Coalition led by businessman Fadhil al-Dabas, who is believed to have close ties with the government.

However, Maliki needs to win more seats than the 89 seats he got in the previous elections for these alliances to be able to guarantee the 165 seats that are required to form a majority.

In the interview with Al-Manar, Maliki said that “if the elections are conducted with integrity,” then he is confident his coalition would score the biggest victory, achieving far more votes than the bloc ranking second.

The State of Law Coalition is most likely seeking to secure more than 100 seats to prevent any potential alliance between Muqtada al-Sadr and Ammar al-Hakim from forming a larger coalition than his, and thus confirm that he represents the vast majority of Shiites.

Therefore, the coalition’s rhetoric has attempted to show that competing Shiite forces have not taken a sufficiently firm position against the terrorism targeting Shiite civilians.

The prime minister’s office has even issued a statement on April 8 condemning the remarks of Sadrist leader Bahaa al-Araji, who said that members of the Iraqi army lack a doctrine, which Maliki deemed as an insult to the armed forces that are fighting terrorism.

In a speech he made in Baghdad to start the coalition’s campaign on April 2, Maliki pointed out the danger of the role played by some politicians who are providing a cover for terrorism through their positions that lack support for the army and the government.

By attempting to portray his rivals as disruptive of the government and indifferent to — if not collaborative with — terrorism, Maliki is seeking to gain greater Shiite support to turn his coalition into the undisputed Shiite bloc that others cannot bypass or marginalize.

The Great Babylon (the US) Must Pay For Her Sins (Rev 17)

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The tiny Pacific republic of the Marshall Islands, scene of massive U.S. nuclear tests in the 1950s, sued the United States and eight other nuclear-armed countries on Thursday, accusing them of failing in their obligation to negotiate nuclear disarmament.

The Pacific country accused all nine nuclear-armed states of “flagrant violation of international law” for failing to pursue the negotiations required by the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

It filed one suit specifically directed against the United States, in the Federal District Court in San Francisco, while others against all nine countries were lodged at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, capital of the Netherlands, a statement from an anti-nuclear group backing the suits said.
The action was supported by South African Nobel Prize winner Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation said.

“The failure of these nuclear-armed countries to uphold important commitments and respect the law makes the world a more dangerous place,” its statement quoted Tutu as saying.

“We must ask why these leaders continue to break their promises and put their citizens and the world at risk of horrific devastation. This is one of the most fundamental moral and legal questions of our time.”

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation is a U.S.-based non-partisan advocacy group working with the Marshall Islands and its international pro-bono legal team.

The Marshall Islands, a grouping of 31 atolls, was occupied by Allied forces in 1944 and placed under U.S. administration in 1947.

Between 1946 and 1958, the United States conducted repeated tests of hydrogen and atomic bombs in the islands.

One, on March 1, 1954, was the largest U.S. nuclear test, code-named Bravo. It involved the detonation of a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb on Bikini Atoll, producing an intense fireball followed by a 20-mile-high mushroom cloud and widespread radioactive fallout. The Marshallese government says the blast was 1,000 times more powerful than that at Hiroshima.

The lawsuits state that Article VI of the NPT requires states to negotiate “in good faith” on nuclear disarmament.

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation said the five original nuclear weapons states – The United States, Russia, Britain, France and China – were all parties to the NPT, while the others – Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea – were “bound by these nuclear disarmament provisions under customary international law.”

A copy of the suit against the United States made available to Reuters says that it is not aimed at seeking compensation from the United States for the testing in the Marshall Islands, which became an independent republic in 1986.

Under agreements between the United States and the Marshall Islands, a Nuclear Claims Tribunal was established to assess and award damages to victims of the nuclear tests. But it has never had the cash to compensate fully for the damage done.

The suit against the United States said it should take “all steps necessary to comply with its obligations … within one year of the date of this Judgment, including by calling for and convening negotiations for nuclear disarmament in all its aspects.”

“Our people have suffered the catastrophic and irreparable damage of these weapons, and we vow to fight so that no one else on earth will ever again experience these atrocities,” the statement quoted Marshall Islands Foreign Minister Tony de Brum as saying.

The continued existence of nuclear weapons and the terrible risk they pose to the world threaten us all.”